Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.51

यत्पाणिपादोदरपृष्ठमूर्ध्ना निर्वर्तते गर्भगतस्य भावः ।
यदात्मनस्तस्य च तेन योगः स्वाभाविकं तत्कथयन्ति तज्ज्ञाः ॥ ५१ ॥

yatpāṇipādodarapṛṣṭhamūrdhnā nirvartate garbhagatasya bhāvaḥ |
yadātmanastasya ca tena yogaḥ svābhāvikaṃ tatkathayanti tajjñāḥ || 51 ||

'That the nature of the embryo in the womb is produced as composed of hands, feet, belly, back, and head, and that it is also united with the soul,—the wise declare that all this comes of itself spontaneously.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.51). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yat, Yad, Panipada, Udara, Prishtha, Murdhan, Nih, Vartat, Garbha, Gata, Bhava, Yada, Atman, Tad, Tena, Yoga, Yogas, Svabhavika, Tat, Kathayat, Kathayanti, Tajjna,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.51). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yatpāṇipādodarapṛṣṭhamūrdhnā nirvartate garbhagatasya bhāvaḥ
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pāṇipādo -
  • pāṇipāda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • udara -
  • udara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pṛṣṭha -
  • pṛṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mūrdhnā -
  • mūrdhan (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nis (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • vartate -
  • vṛt -> vartat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vartat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • garbha -
  • garbha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatasya -
  • gata (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    gata (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • bhāvaḥ -
  • bhāva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    bhā (verb class 2)
    [present active first dual]
  • Line 2: “yadātmanastasya ca tena yogaḥ svābhāvikaṃ tatkathayanti tajjñāḥ
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ātmanas -
  • ātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • yogaḥ -
  • yogas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    yoga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • svābhāvikam -
  • svābhāvika (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svābhāvika (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    svābhāvikā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kathayanti -
  • kath -> kathayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √kath class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √kath class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √kath class 10 verb]
    kath -> kathayantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √kath class 10 verb]
    kath (verb class 10)
    [present active third plural]
  • tajjñāḥ -
  • tajjña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tajjñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.51

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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