Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.35

यदाध्वगानामिव सङ्गतानां काले वियोगो नियतः प्रजानाम् ।
प्राज्ञो जनः को नु भजेत शोकं बन्धुप्रियः सन्नपि बन्धुहीनः ॥ ३५ ॥

yadādhvagānāmiva saṅgatānāṃ kāle viyogo niyataḥ prajānām |
prājño janaḥ ko nu bhajeta śokaṃ bandhupriyaḥ sannapi bandhuhīnaḥ || 35 ||

'Since parting is inevitably fixed in the course of time for all beings, just as for travellers who have joined company on a road,—what wise man would cherish sorrow, when he loses his kindred, even though he loves them?

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.35). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Adhvaga, Iva, Sangata, Kale, Kala, Viyoga, Niyata, Praja, Prajana, Prajna, Jana, Janas, Kah, Shoka, Bandhupriya, Sat, Api, Bandhuhina,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.35). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadādhvagānāmiva saṅgatānāṃ kāle viyogo niyataḥ prajānām
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • adhvagānām -
  • adhvaga (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    adhvaga (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    adhvagā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • saṅgatānām -
  • saṅgata (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    saṅgata (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    saṅgatā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • kāle -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • viyogo* -
  • viyoga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • niyataḥ -
  • niyata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prajānām -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    praja (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    prajānā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “prājño janaḥ ko nu bhajeta śokaṃ bandhupriyaḥ sannapi bandhuhīnaḥ
  • prājño* -
  • prājña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • janaḥ -
  • janas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ko* -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nu -
  • nu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nau (noun, feminine)
  • bhajeta -
  • bhaj (verb class 1)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
  • śokam -
  • śoka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śoka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śokā (noun, feminine)
  • bandhupriyaḥ -
  • bandhupriya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sann -
  • sat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • bandhuhīnaḥ -
  • bandhuhīna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.35

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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