Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.28

एकं सुतं बालमनर्हदुःखं सन्तापमन्तर्गतमुद्वहन्तम् ।
तं राहुलं मोक्षय बन्धुशोकाद् राहूपसर्गादिव पूर्णचन्द्रम् ॥ २८ ॥

ekaṃ sutaṃ bālamanarhaduḥkhaṃ santāpamantargatamudvahantam |
taṃ rāhulaṃ mokṣaya bandhuśokād rāhūpasargādiva pūrṇacandram || 28 ||

'Thy only son, a child little deserving such woe, distressed with sorrow, and . . . . —O deliver Rahula from the grief of his kindred like the full moon from the contact of Rahu!

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.28). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Eka, Sut, Suta, Bala, Anarhat, Kha, Santapa, Antargata, Dva, Rahula, Bandhushoka, Rahupasarga, Purnacandra,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.28). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “ekaṃ sutaṃ bālamanarhaduḥkhaṃ santāpamantargatamudvahantam”
  • ekam -
  • eka (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ekam (accusative single)
    eka (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    ekam (nominative single)
    ekam (accusative single)
  • sutam -
  • suta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    sutam (adverb)
    sutam (accusative single)
    suta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    sutam (adverb)
    sutam (nominative single)
    sutam (accusative single)
    sutā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    sutam (adverb)
    sut (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sutam (accusative single)
    su -> suta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    sutam (accusative single), from √su (class 5 verb)
    su -> suta (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    sutam (nominative single), from √su (class 5 verb)
    sutam (accusative single), from √su (class 5 verb)
    -> suta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    sutam (accusative single), from √ (class 6 verb)
    -> suta (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    sutam (nominative single), from √ (class 6 verb)
    sutam (accusative single), from √ (class 6 verb)
    -> suta (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    sutam (accusative single), from √ (class 2 verb)
    -> suta (participle, neuter); (2 der.)
    sutam (nominative single), from √ (class 2 verb)
    sutam (accusative single), from √ (class 2 verb)
    su (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    sutam (imperative active second dual)
  • bālam -
  • bāla (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    bālam (adverb)
    bālam (accusative single)
    bāla (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    bālam (adverb)
    bālam (nominative single)
    bālam (accusative single)
    bālā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    bālam (adverb)
  • anarhad -
  • anarhat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (compound)
    anarhat (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    anarhat (nominative single)
    anarhat (vocative single)
    anarhat (accusative single)
  • uḥ -
  • u (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    uḥ (nominative single)
    (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    uḥ (ablative single)
    uḥ (genitive single)
    (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    uḥ (ablative single)
    uḥ (genitive single)
  • kham -
  • kham (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    kham (adverb)
    kham (accusative single)
    kha (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    kham (adverb)
    kham (nominative single)
    kham (accusative single)
    khā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    kham (adverb)
    kham (adverb)
  • santāpam -
  • santāpa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    santāpam (adverb)
    santāpam (accusative single)
    santāpa (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    santāpam (adverb)
    santāpam (nominative single)
    santāpam (accusative single)
    santāpā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    santāpam (adverb)
  • antargata -
  • antargata (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    antargata (vocative single)
    antargata (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    antargata (vocative single)
  • mu -
  • mu (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    mu (adverb)
    mu (adverb)
    mu (vocative single)
    mu (vocative single)
    (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    mu (adverb)
    mu (vocative single)
    (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    mu (compound)
    mu (adverb)
    mu (nominative single)
    mu (vocative single)
    mu (accusative single)
  • dva -
  • (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    (compound)
    du (adverb)
    du (vocative single)
    dva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    dva (vocative single)
    dva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    dva (vocative single)
  • ahantam -
  • ahantā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    ahantam (adverb)
  • Line2: “taṃ rāhulaṃ mokṣaya bandhuśokād rāhūpasargādiva pūrṇacandram”
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    tam (adverb)
    tam (accusative single)
    ta (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    tam (adverb)
    tam (nominative single)
    tam (accusative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    tam (adverb)
    tan (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tam (adverb)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tam (accusative single)
  • rāhulam -
  • rāhula (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    rāhulam (adverb)
    rāhulam (accusative single)
    rāhulā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    rāhulam (adverb)
  • mokṣaya -
  • mokṣ (verb class 10); (1 der.)
    mokṣaya (imperative active second single)
  • bandhuśokād -
  • bandhuśoka (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    bandhuśokāt (adverb)
    bandhuśokāt (ablative single)
  • rāhūpasargād -
  • rāhūpasarga (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    rāhūpasargāt (adverb)
    rāhūpasargāt (ablative single)
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    iva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • pūrṇacandram -
  • pūrṇacandra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    pūrṇacandram (adverb)
    pūrṇacandram (accusative single)
    pūrṇacandrā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    pūrṇacandram (adverb)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.28

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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