Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.26

संवर्धयित्रीं च समेहि देवीमगस्त्यजुष्टां दिशमप्रयाताम् ।
प्रनष्टवत्सामिव वत्सलां गामजस्रमार्त्तां करुणं रुदन्तीं ॥ २६ ॥

saṃvardhayitrīṃ ca samehi devīmagastyajuṣṭāṃ diśamaprayātām |
pranaṣṭavatsāmiva vatsalāṃ gāmajasramārttāṃ karuṇaṃ rudantīṃ || 26 ||

'Consider also the queen, who brought thee up, who has not yet gone to the region inhabited by Agastya—wilt thou not take some heed of her, who ceaselessly grieves like a fond cow that has lost her calf?

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.26). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Samvardhayitri, Sama, Devi, Agasti, Agastya, Ajushta, Disham, Dish, Disha, Pranashta, Vatsa, Iva, Vatsala, Ajasram, Ajasra, Karunam, Karuna, Rudanti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.26). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃvardhayitrīṃ ca samehi devīmagastyajuṣṭāṃ diśamaprayātām
  • saṃvardhayitrīm -
  • saṃvardhayitrī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • same -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    samā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative active second single]
    samā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • ihi -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • devīm -
  • devī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • agastya -
  • agasti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    agastī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    agastya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ajuṣṭām -
  • ajuṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • diśam -
  • diśam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    diśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    diśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    diśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    diś (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • aprayātām -
  • pre (verb class 2)
    [imperfect middle third dual]
  • Line 2: “pranaṣṭavatsāmiva vatsalāṃ gāmajasramārttāṃ karuṇaṃ rudantīṃ
  • pranaṣṭa -
  • pranaṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pranaṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vatsām -
  • vatsā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vatsalām -
  • vatsalā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • gām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    go (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [injunctive active first single]
    (verb class 3)
    [injunctive active first single]
  • ajasram -
  • ajasram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ajasra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ajasra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ajasrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ārttām -
  • ard (verb class 7)
    [imperfect active third dual]
  • karuṇam -
  • karuṇam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    karuṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    karuṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    karuṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • rudantīm -
  • rudantī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.26

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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