Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.25

भीष्मेण गङ्गोदरसम्भवेन रामेण रामेण च भार्गवेण ।
श्रुत्वा कृतं कर्म पितुः प्रियार्थं पितुस्त्वमप्यर्हसि कर्तुमिष्टम् ॥ २५ ॥

bhīṣmeṇa gaṅgodarasambhavena rāmeṇa rāmeṇa ca bhārgaveṇa |
śrutvā kṛtaṃ karma pituḥ priyārthaṃ pitustvamapyarhasi kartumiṣṭam || 25 ||

'Having heard that Bhishma who sprang from Ganga's womb, Rama, and Rama the son of Bhrigu,—all did what would please their fathers;—surely thou too wilt do thy father's desire.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhishma, Ganga, Udara, Sambhava, Rama, Bhargava, Krit, Krita, Karman, Pitri, Pitu, Priyartham, Tva, Yushmad, Api, Apya, Kartu, Ishtam, Ishta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhīṣmeṇa gaṅgodarasambhavena rāmeṇa rāmeṇa ca bhārgaveṇa
  • bhīṣmeṇa -
  • bhīṣma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bhīṣma (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • gaṅgo -
  • gaṅga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gaṅgā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • udara -
  • udara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sambhavena -
  • sambhava (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sambhava (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • rāmeṇa -
  • rāma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rāma (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • rāmeṇa -
  • rāma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rāma (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhārgaveṇa -
  • bhārgava (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bhārgava (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “śrutvā kṛtaṃ karma pituḥ priyārthaṃ pitustvamapyarhasi kartumiṣṭam
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • pituḥ -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    pitu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • priyārtham -
  • priyārtham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • pitus -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    pitu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • apya -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    apya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • arhasi -
  • arh (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kartu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kartu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • iṣṭam -
  • iṣṭam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    iṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    iṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    iṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    iṣ -> iṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √iṣ class 6 verb]
    iṣ -> iṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √iṣ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √iṣ class 6 verb]
    yaj -> iṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √yaj class 1 verb]
    yaj -> iṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √yaj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yaj class 1 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.25

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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