Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.5

तस्येन्द्रकल्पस्य जयन्तकल्पः पुत्रो जरामृत्युभयं तितीर्षुः ।
इहाभ्युपेतः किल तस्य हेतोरावामुपेतौ भगवानवैतु ॥ ५ ॥

tasyendrakalpasya jayantakalpaḥ putro jarāmṛtyubhayaṃ titīrṣuḥ |
ihābhyupetaḥ kila tasya hetorāvāmupetau bhagavānavaitu || 5 ||

'His son, who is like Jayanta, while he himself is like Indra, has come here, it is said, desirous to escape from the fear of old age and death,—know that we two are come here on account of him.'

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Indrakalpa, Jayanta, Kalpa, Putra, Jaramrityu, Bhaya, Titirshu, Iha, Abhyupeta, Kila, Hetu, Asmad, Upeta, Upeti, Bhagavat, Ava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasyendrakalpasya jayantakalpaḥ putro jarāmṛtyubhayaṃ titīrṣuḥ
  • tasye -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [present middle first single], [present passive first single], [imperative active second single]
  • indrakalpasya -
  • indrakalpa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    indrakalpa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • jayanta -
  • jayanta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jayanta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kalpaḥ -
  • kalpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • putro* -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jarāmṛtyu -
  • jarāmṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jarāmṛtyu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jarāmṛtyu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • bhayam -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • titīrṣuḥ -
  • titīrṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    titīrṣu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “ihābhyupetaḥ kila tasya hetorāvāmupetau bhagavānavaitu
  • ihā -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • abhyupetaḥ -
  • abhyupeta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kila -
  • kila (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    kila (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kil (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • hetor -
  • hetu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • āvām -
  • au (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    au (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative dual]
  • upetau -
  • upeta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    upeti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • bhagavān -
  • bhagavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • avai -
  • ava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [instrumental single]
    av (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    u (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [imperative middle first single]
    u (verb class 2)
    [imperative middle first single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle first single]
    ava (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    avā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • etu -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperative active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.5

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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