Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 8.80

प्रचक्ष्व मे भद्र तदाश्रमाजिरं हृतस्त्वया यत्र स मे जलाञ्जलिः ।
इमे परीप्सन्ति हि ते पिपासवो ममासवः प्रेतगतिं यियासवः ॥ ८० ॥

pracakṣva me bhadra tadāśramājiraṃ hṛtastvayā yatra sa me jalāñjaliḥ |
ime parīpsanti hi te pipāsavo mamāsavaḥ pretagatiṃ yiyāsavaḥ || 80 ||

'Describe to me, O beloved one, the court of that hermitage, whither thou hast carried him who is as my funeral oblation of water; these my vital airs are all ready to depart, and are eager for it, longing to drink it.'

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.80). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pra, Asmad, Bhadra, Tada, Ashrama, Ajiram, Ajira, Hrit, Hrita, Tva, Yushmad, Yatra, Jalanjali, Iyam, Idam, Pari, Ipsat, Ipsanti, Tad, Pipasu, Pretagati, Yiyasu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 8.80). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pracakṣva me bhadra tadāśramājiraṃ hṛtastvayā yatra sa me jalāñjaliḥ
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • cakṣva -
  • cakṣ (verb class 2)
    [imperative middle second single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • bhadra -
  • bhadra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhadra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aśramā -
  • aśrama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    aśrama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    aśramā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ajiram -
  • ajiram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ajira (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ajira (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ajirā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • hṛtas -
  • hṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    hṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    hṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    hṛ -> hṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
  • tvayā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • jalāñjaliḥ -
  • jalāñjali (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “ime parīpsanti hi te pipāsavo mamāsavaḥ pretagatiṃ yiyāsavaḥ
  • ime -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • parī -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pari (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • īpsanti -
  • āp -> īpsantī (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √āp]
    āp -> īpsat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √āp], [vocative plural from √āp], [accusative plural from √āp]
    āp -> īpsantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √āp]
    āp (verb class 0)
    [present active third plural]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • pipāsavo* -
  • pipāsu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pipāsu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • mamāsa -
  • mas (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • vaḥ -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • pretagatim -
  • pretagati (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • yiyāsavaḥ -
  • yiyāsu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    yiyāsu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 8.80

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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