Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 8.64

ध्रुवं स जानन् मम धर्मवल्लभो मनः प्रिये ऽप्याकलहं मुहुर्मिथः ।
सुखं विभीर्मामपहाय रोसणां महेन्द्रलोके ऽप्सरसो जिघृक्षति ॥ ६४ ॥

dhruvaṃ sa jānan mama dharmavallabho manaḥ priye 'pyākalahaṃ muhurmithaḥ |
sukhaṃ vibhīrmāmapahāya rosaṇāṃ mahendraloke 'psaraso jighṛkṣati || 64 ||

'Surely it must be that this fond lover of religion, knowing that my mind was secretly quarrelling even with my beloved, lightly and without fear has deserted me thus angry, in the hope to obtain heavenly nymphs in Indra's world!

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.64). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dhruvam, Dhruva, Janat, Asmad, Dharmavallabha, Mana, Manas, Pri, Priya, Apya, Kalaha, Muhur, Mithah, Sukham, Sukha, Vibhi, Mama, Mahendra, Loka, Apsaras, Apsarasa, Jighrikshat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 8.64). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dhruvaṃ sa jānan mama dharmavallabho manaḥ priye 'pyākalahaṃ muhurmithaḥ
  • dhruvam -
  • dhruvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dhruva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhruva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dhruvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jānan -
  • jānat (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    jānat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jñā -> jānat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √jñā class 9 verb], [vocative single from √jñā class 9 verb]
    jñā -> jānat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jñā class 9 verb], [vocative single from √jñā class 9 verb], [accusative single from √jñā class 9 verb]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • dharmavallabho* -
  • dharmavallabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • manaḥ -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • priye' -
  • prī (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    prī (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    priya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    priya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    priyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pṛ (verb class 3)
    [present passive first single]
    pṛ (verb class 9)
    [present passive first single]
    pṛ (verb class 5)
    [present passive first single]
    pṛ (verb class 6)
    [present middle first single], [present passive first single]
  • apyā -
  • apyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kalaham -
  • kalaha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kalahā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • muhur -
  • muhur (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    muhur (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • mithaḥ -
  • mithaḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    mithaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 2: “sukhaṃ vibhīrmāmapahāya rosaṇāṃ mahendraloke 'psaraso jighṛkṣati
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vibhīr -
  • vibhī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vibhī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
  • māma -
  • māma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • pa -
  • pa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hāya -
  • -> hāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> hāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> hāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    ha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • ro -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ru (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ūsa -
  • vas (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
    vas (verb class 6)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • ṇā -
  • ṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • mahendra -
  • mahendra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • loke' -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • apsaraso* -
  • apsaras (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    apsarasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jighṛkṣati -
  • grah -> jighṛkṣat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √grah]
    grah -> jighṛkṣat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √grah]
    grah (verb class 0)
    [present active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 8.64

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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