Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.58

परममिति ततो नृपात्मजस्तमृषिजनं प्रतिनन्द्य निर्ययौ ।
विधिवदनुविधाय ते ऽपि तं प्रविविशुराश्रमिणस्तपोवनम् ॥ ५८ ॥

paramamiti tato nṛpātmajastamṛṣijanaṃ pratinandya niryayau |
vidhivadanuvidhāya te 'pi taṃ praviviśurāśramiṇastapovanam || 58 ||

The prince replied, 'Very well,' and having saluted the company of sages he departed; the hermits also having duly performed to him all the rites of courtesy entered again into the ascetic grove.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.58). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Paramam, Parama, Iti, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Nripatmaja, Jana, Prati, Nandya, Nih, Yayi, Yayu, Vidhivat, Anuvidha, Yushmad, Api, Pra, Ashramin, Ashrami, Tapovana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.58). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “paramamiti tato nṛpātmajastamṛṣijanaṃ pratinandya niryayau
  • paramam -
  • paramam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    parama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    parama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    paramā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • nṛpātmajas -
  • nṛpātmaja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ṛṣi -
  • ṛṣi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • janam -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    janā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • nandya -
  • nand -> nandya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √nand]
    nand -> nandya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √nand]
    nand -> nandya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √nand]
    nand -> nandya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √nand]
    nand -> nandya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √nand class 1 verb], [vocative single from √nand]
    nand -> nandya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √nand class 1 verb], [vocative single from √nand]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nis (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • yayau -
  • yayi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “vidhivadanuvidhāya te 'pi taṃ praviviśurāśramiṇastapovanam
  • vidhivad -
  • vidhivat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • anuvidhāya -
  • anuvidha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    anuvidha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • te' -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • viviśur -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]
    viś (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • āśramiṇas -
  • āśramin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    āśramin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    āśramī (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • tapovanam -
  • tapovana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tapovanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.58

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: