Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.47

एवं प्रवृत्तान् भवतः शरण्यानतीव सन्दर्शितपक्षपातान् ।
यास्यामि हित्वेति ममापि दुःखं यथैव बन्धूंस्त्यजतस्तथैव ॥ ४७ ॥

evaṃ pravṛttān bhavataḥ śaraṇyānatīva sandarśitapakṣapātān |
yāsyāmi hitveti mamāpi duḥkhaṃ yathaiva bandhūṃstyajatastathaiva || 47 ||

'There is sorrow to me when I reflect that I shall have to depart, leaving you who are thus engaged, you who are such a refuge and who have shown such excessive kindness to me,—just as there was when I had to leave my kindred behind.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.47). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Evam, Eva, Pravritta, Bhavat, Bhavant, Sharanya, Ativa, Sandarshita, Pakshapata, Hitva, Hitvan, Iti, Asmad, Mama, Api, Duhkham, Duhkha, Yatha, Bandhu, Tyajat, Tatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.47). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “evaṃ pravṛttān bhavataḥ śaraṇyānatīva sandarśitapakṣapātān
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pravṛttān -
  • pravṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • bhavataḥ -
  • bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • śaraṇyān -
  • śaraṇya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • atīva -
  • atīva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atīva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sandarśita -
  • sandarśita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sandarśita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pakṣapātān -
  • pakṣapāta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “yāsyāmi hitveti mamāpi duḥkhaṃ yathaiva bandhūṃstyajatastathaiva
  • yāsyāmi -
  • (verb class 2)
    [future active first single]
  • hitve -
  • hitvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    hitvan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    hitvan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    hi -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √hi]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • mamā -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    mamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yathai -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • bandhūṃs -
  • bandhu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tyajatas -
  • tyaj -> tyajat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √tyaj class 1 verb], [ablative single from √tyaj class 1 verb], [genitive single from √tyaj class 1 verb]
    tyaj -> tyajat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √tyaj class 1 verb], [genitive single from √tyaj class 1 verb]
    tyaj (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.47

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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