Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.46

स्निग्धाभिराभिर्हृदयङ्गमाभिः समासतः स्नात इवास्मि वाग्भिः ।
रतिश्च मे धर्मनवग्रहस्य विस्पन्दिता सम्प्रति भूय एव ॥ ४६ ॥

snigdhābhirābhirhṛdayaṅgamābhiḥ samāsataḥ snāta ivāsmi vāgbhiḥ |
ratiśca me dharmanavagrahasya vispanditā samprati bhūya eva || 46 ||

'I seem to be all at once bathed by these gentle heart-touching words of thine, and the joy now throbs in me once more which I felt when I first grasped the idea of dharma.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.46). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Snigdha, Iyam, Idam, Hridayangama, Samasatah, Snata, Snat, Iva, Vac, Rati, Asmad, Dharman, Avagraha, Spandita, Samprati, Bhuyah, Bhuyas, Eva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.46). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “snigdhābhirābhirhṛdayaṅgamābhiḥ samāsataḥ snāta ivāsmi vāgbhiḥ
  • snigdhābhir -
  • snigdhā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
    snih -> snigdhā (participle, feminine)
    [instrumental plural from √snih class 1 verb], [instrumental plural from √snih class 4 verb]
  • ābhir -
  • ā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
    iyam (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • hṛdayaṅgamābhiḥ -
  • hṛdayaṅgamā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • samāsataḥ -
  • samāsataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • snāta* -
  • snāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    snā -> snāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √snā class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √snā class 2 verb], [ablative single from √snā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √snā class 2 verb], [nominative single from √snā class 4 verb]
    snā -> snāt (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √snā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √snā class 2 verb]
    snā (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • asmi -
  • as (verb class 2)
    [present active first single]
  • vāgbhiḥ -
  • vāc (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “ratiśca me dharmanavagrahasya vispanditā samprati bhūya eva
  • ratiś -
  • rati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • dharman -
  • dharman (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [vocative single]
  • avagrahasya -
  • avagraha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • spanditā -
  • spanditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    spand -> spanditā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √spand class 1 verb], [nominative single from √spand]
    spand (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • samprati -
  • samprati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    samprati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    samprati (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sampratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    sampratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    sampratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • bhūya* -
  • bhūyaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhūyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.46

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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