Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.41

इतश्च भूयः क्षममुत्तरैव दिक्सेवितुं धर्मविशेषहेतोः ।
न हि क्षमं दक्षिणतो बुधेन पदं भवेदेकमपि प्रयातुम् ॥ ४१ ॥

itaśca bhūyaḥ kṣamamuttaraiva diksevituṃ dharmaviśeṣahetoḥ |
na hi kṣamaṃ dakṣiṇato budhena padaṃ bhavedekamapi prayātum || 41 ||

'From hence, again, the Northern quarter is especially to be fitly followed for the sake of preeminent merit; even one who was wise starting towards the south could not advance one single step.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.41). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Itah, Ita, Bhuyah, Bhuyas, Ksham, Kshama, Uttara, Dish, Dharma, Dharman, Vishesha, Hetu, Dakshinatah, Budha, Pada, Eka, Api, Pra, Praya, Atu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.41). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “itaśca bhūyaḥ kṣamamuttaraiva diksevituṃ dharmaviśeṣahetoḥ
  • itaś -
  • itaḥ (indeclinable)
    ita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> ita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūyaḥ -
  • bhūyaḥ (indeclinable)
    bhūyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kṣamam -
  • kṣama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣamā (noun, feminine)
    kṣam (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • uttarai -
  • uttarā (indeclinable)
    uttara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttara (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    uttarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • dik -
  • diś (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • sevitum -
  • sev -> sevitum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √sev]
  • dharma -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • viśeṣa -
  • viśeṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    viśeṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hetoḥ -
  • hetu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “na hi kṣamaṃ dakṣiṇato budhena padaṃ bhavedekamapi prayātum
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kṣamam -
  • kṣama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣamā (noun, feminine)
    kṣam (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • dakṣiṇato* -
  • dakṣiṇataḥ (indeclinable)
  • budhena -
  • budha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    budha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • padam -
  • pada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhaved -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • ekam -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    eka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • prayā -
  • prā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    prayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ātum -
  • ātu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.41

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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