Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.36

ततो जटावल्कलचीरखेलांस्तपोधनांश्चैव स तान्ददर्श ।
तपांसि चैषामनुबुध्यमानस्तस्थौ शिवे श्रीमति मार्गवृक्षे ॥ ३६ ॥

tato jaṭāvalkalacīrakhelāṃstapodhanāṃścaiva sa tāndadarśa |
tapāṃsi caiṣāmanubudhyamānastasthau śive śrīmati mārgavṛkṣe || 36 ||

Then he looked on all those ascetics with their matted hair, bark garments, and rag-strips waving, and he stood considering their penances under an auspicious and noble tree by the way-side.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.36). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Jata, Valkala, Cira, Khela, Tapodhana, Tapas, Budhya, Ana, Tastha, Shiva, Shivi, Shrimat, Shrimati, Marga, Vriksha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.36). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato jaṭāvalkalacīrakhelāṃstapodhanāṃścaiva sa tāndadarśa
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • jaṭā -
  • jaṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • valkala -
  • valkala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    valkala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cīra -
  • cīra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cīra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • khelāṃs -
  • khela (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tapodhanāṃś -
  • tapodhana (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tān -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • dadarśa -
  • dṛś (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “tapāṃsi caiṣāmanubudhyamānastasthau śive śrīmati mārgavṛkṣe
  • tapāṃsi -
  • tapas (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiṣāma -
  • eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first plural]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first plural]
  • nu -
  • nu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nau (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • budhyam -
  • budhya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    budhya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    budhyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ānas -
  • āna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    an (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • tasthau -
  • tastha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • śive -
  • śiva (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śiva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    śivā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śivi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    śivi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • śrīmati -
  • śrīmati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śrīmatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    śrīmat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śrīmat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • mārga -
  • mārga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mārga (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mārg (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vṛkṣe -
  • vṛkṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vṛkṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vṛkṣ (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.36

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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