Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.31

स्पृष्टं हि यद्यद्गुणवद्भिरम्भस्तत्तत्पृथिव्यां यदि तीर्थमिष्टम् ।
तस्माद्गुणानेव परैमि तीर्थमापस्तु निःसंशयमाप एव ॥ ३१ ॥

spṛṣṭaṃ hi yadyadguṇavadbhirambhastattatpṛthivyāṃ yadi tīrthamiṣṭam |
tasmādguṇāneva paraimi tīrthamāpastu niḥsaṃśayamāpa eva || 31 ||

'The water which has been touched by the virtuous,—that is the spot, if you wish for a sacred spot on the earth; therefore I count as a place of pilgrimage only the virtues of a virtuous man, water without doubt is only water.'

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sprishta, Yadi, Yad, Gunavat, Ambhas, Ambha, Tat, Tad, Prithivi, Tirtha, Ishtam, Ishta, Tasmat, Guna, Eva, Para, Apa, Apas, Nihsamshaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “spṛṣṭaṃ hi yadyadguṇavadbhirambhastattatpṛthivyāṃ yadi tīrthamiṣṭam
  • spṛṣṭam -
  • spṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    spṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    spṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    spṛś -> spṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √spṛś class 6 verb]
    spṛś -> spṛṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √spṛś class 6 verb], [accusative single from √spṛś class 6 verb]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • yadya -
  • yadi (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    yadi (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • ad -
  • ad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • guṇavadbhir -
  • guṇavat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    guṇavat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ambhas -
  • ambhas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ambha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pṛthivyām -
  • pṛthivi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    pṛthivī (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • yadi -
  • yadi (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    yadi (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tīrtham -
  • tīrtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • iṣṭam -
  • iṣṭam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    iṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    iṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    iṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    iṣ -> iṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √iṣ class 6 verb]
    iṣ -> iṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √iṣ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √iṣ class 6 verb]
    yaj -> iṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √yaj class 1 verb]
    yaj -> iṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √yaj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yaj class 1 verb]
  • Line 2: “tasmādguṇāneva paraimi tīrthamāpastu niḥsaṃśayamāpa eva
  • tasmād -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • guṇān -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • parai -
  • para (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    para (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    parā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    parā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    parā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • emi -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [present active first single]
  • tīrtham -
  • tīrtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āpas -
  • āpas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    āp (verb class 5)
    [aorist active second single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • niḥsaṃśayam -
  • niḥsaṃśaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    niḥsaṃśaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    niḥsaṃśayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āpa* -
  • āpas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    āp (verb class 5)
    [aorist active second single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.31

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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