Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.15

उञ्छेन जीवन्ति खगा इवान्ये तृणानि केचिन्मृगवच्चरन्ति ।
केचिद्भुजङ्गैः सह वर्तयन्ति वल्मीकभूता इव मारुतेन ॥ १५ ॥

uñchena jīvanti khagā ivānye tṛṇāni kecinmṛgavaccaranti |
kecidbhujaṅgaiḥ saha vartayanti valmīkabhūtā iva mārutena || 15 ||

'Some live like the birds on gleaned corn, others graze on grass like the deer, others live on air with the snakes, as if turned into ant-hills.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Uncha, Jivanti, Jivat, Khaga, Iva, Anya, Trina, Kah, Kim, Cit, Mriga, Bhujanga, Saha, Vartayat, Vartayanti, Valmika, Bhuta, Maruta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “uñchena jīvanti khagā ivānye tṛṇāni kecinmṛgavaccaranti
  • uñchena -
  • uñcha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • jīvanti -
  • jīvanti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jīvantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    jīvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    jīv -> jīvat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √jīv class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • khagā* -
  • khaga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    khagā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • anye -
  • anya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    anyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tṛṇāni -
  • tṛṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ke -
  • ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cin -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • mṛga -
  • mṛga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • va -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ū (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    ū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    au (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    au (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ac -
  • ad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • caranti -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • Line 2: “kecidbhujaṅgaiḥ saha vartayanti valmīkabhūtā iva mārutena
  • ke -
  • ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cid -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • bhujaṅgaiḥ -
  • bhujaṅga (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bhujaṅga (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • saha -
  • saha (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    saha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vartayanti -
  • vṛt -> vartayantī (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √vṛt]
    vṛt -> vartayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √vṛt], [vocative plural from √vṛt], [accusative plural from √vṛt]
    vṛt -> vartayantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √vṛt]
    vṛt (verb class 0)
    [present active third plural]
  • valmīka -
  • valmīka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    valmīka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūtā* -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • mārutena -
  • māruta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    māruta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.15

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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