Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 7.10

कीर्णं ततः पुण्यकृता जनेन स्वर्गाभिकामेन विमोक्षकामः ।
तमाश्रमं सो ऽनुचचार धीरस्तपांसि चित्राणि निरीक्षमाणः ॥ १० ॥

kīrṇaṃ tataḥ puṇyakṛtā janena svargābhikāmena vimokṣakāmaḥ |
tamāśramaṃ so 'nucacāra dhīrastapāṃsi citrāṇi nirīkṣamāṇaḥ || 10 ||

He, the wise one, longing for liberation, traversed that hermitage filled with the holy company desirous of heaven,—gazing at their strange penances.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kirna, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Punyakrita, Jana, Svargabhikama, Ina, Vimokshaka, Tama, Ashrama, Sah, Anu, Dhira, Tapas, Citra, Nirikshamana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 7.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kīrṇaṃ tataḥ puṇyakṛtā janena svargābhikāmena vimokṣakāmaḥ
  • kīrṇam -
  • kīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kīrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kīrṇā (noun, feminine)
    kṝ -> kīrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṝ class 9 verb]
    kṝ -> kīrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṝ class 9 verb], [accusative single from √kṝ class 9 verb]
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • puṇyakṛtā* -
  • puṇyakṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • janena -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    jana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • svargābhikāme -
  • svargābhikāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    svargābhikāma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    svargābhikāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ina -
  • ina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vimokṣakām -
  • vimokṣakā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • aḥ -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “tamāśramaṃ so 'nucacāra dhīrastapāṃsi citrāṇi nirīkṣamāṇaḥ
  • tamā -
  • tama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aśramam -
  • aśrama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aśrama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aśramā (noun, feminine)
  • so' -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    so (noun, feminine)
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • anu -
  • anu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    anu (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    anu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    anu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anu (Preverb)
  • cacāra -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • dhīras -
  • dhīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tapāṃsi -
  • tapas (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • citrāṇi -
  • citra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nirīkṣamāṇaḥ -
  • nirīkṣamāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 7.10

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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