Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 6.52

क्षिप्रमेष्यति वा कृत्वा जरामृत्युक्षयं किल ।
अकृतार्थो निरालम्बो निधनं यास्यतीति वा ॥ ५२ ॥

kṣiprameṣyati vā kṛtvā jarāmṛtyukṣayaṃ kila |
akṛtārtho nirālambo nidhanaṃ yāsyatīti vā || 52 ||

'"Either he will quickly come back, having destroyed old age and death; or else he will himself perish, having failed in his purpose and lost hold of every support."'

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.52). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kshipra, Eshyat, Kritvan, Jaramrityu, Kshaya, Kila, Akritartha, Niralamba, Nidhana, Yasyat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 6.52). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “kṣiprameṣyati vā kṛtvā jarāmṛtyukṣayaṃ kila”
  • kṣipram -
  • kṣipram (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kṣipra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    kṣipram (adverb)
    kṣipram (accusative single)
    kṣipra (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    kṣipram (adverb)
    kṣipram (nominative single)
    kṣipram (accusative single)
    kṣiprā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kṣipram (adverb)
  • eṣyati -
  • eṣyat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    eṣyati (locative single)
    eṣyat (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    eṣyati (locative single)
    i -> eṣyat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    eṣyati (locative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i -> eṣyat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    eṣyati (locative single), from √i (class 2 verb)
    i (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    eṣyati (future active third single)
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
    (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    (imperative active second single)
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √kṛ
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kṛtvā (nominative single)
  • jarāmṛtyu -
  • jarāmṛtyu (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    jarāmṛtyu (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    jarāmṛtyu (nominative single)
    jarāmṛtyu (vocative single)
    jarāmṛtyu (accusative single)
    jarāmṛtyu (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
  • kṣayam -
  • kṣaya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    kṣayam (adverb)
    kṣayam (accusative single)
    kṣaya (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    kṣayam (adverb)
    kṣayam (nominative single)
    kṣayam (accusative single)
    kṣayā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kṣayam (adverb)
  • kila -
  • kila (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    kila (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kila (vocative single)
    kil (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    kila (imperative active second single)
  • Line2: “akṛtārtho nirālambo nidhanaṃ yāsyatīti vā”
  • akṛtārtho* -
  • akṛtārtha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    akṛtārthaḥ (nominative single)
  • nirālambo* -
  • nirālamba (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    nirālambaḥ (nominative single)
  • nidhanam -
  • nidhana (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
    nidhanam (accusative single)
    nidhana (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
    nidhanam (nominative single)
    nidhanam (accusative single)
    nidhanā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
  • yāsyatī -
  • -> yāsyat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    yāsyati (locative single), from √ (class 2 verb)
    -> yāsyat (participle, neuter); (7 der.)
    yāsyatī (nominative dual), from √ (class 2 verb)
    yāsyatī (nominative dual), from √ (class 2 verb)
    yāsyatī (vocative dual), from √ (class 2 verb)
    yāsyatī (vocative dual), from √ (class 2 verb)
    yāsyatī (accusative dual), from √ (class 2 verb)
    yāsyatī (accusative dual), from √ (class 2 verb)
    yāsyati (locative single), from √ (class 2 verb)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    yāsyati (future active third single)
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    iti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
    (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    (imperative active second single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 6.52

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: