Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 5.63

समवेक्ष्य ततश्च ताः शयाना विकृतास्ता युवतीरधीरचेष्टाः ।
गुणवद्वपुषो ऽपि वल्गुभासो नृपसूनुः स विगर्हयां बभूव ॥ ६३ ॥

samavekṣya tataśca tāḥ śayānā vikṛtāstā yuvatīradhīraceṣṭāḥ |
guṇavadvapuṣo 'pi valgubhāso nṛpasūnuḥ sa vigarhayāṃ babhūva || 63 ||

Then having seen these young women thus lying distorted and with uncontrolled gestures, however excellent their forms and graceful their appearance,—the king's son felt moved with scorn.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.63). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sama, Vekshya, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Tas, Shayana, Vikrita, Yuvati, Adhira, Ceshta, Gunavadvapus, Api, Valgu, Bhas, Bhasa, Bhasas, Nripa, Sunu, Vigarha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 5.63). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “samavekṣya tataśca tāḥ śayānā vikṛtāstā yuvatīradhīraceṣṭāḥ
  • sama -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vekṣya -
  • vekṣ -> vekṣya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vekṣ]
    vekṣ -> vekṣya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vekṣ class 10 verb]
    vekṣ -> vekṣya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vekṣ class 10 verb]
  • tataś -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tāḥ -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śayānā* -
  • śayāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śayānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    śī -> śayāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √śī class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √śī class 2 verb]
    śī -> śayānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √śī class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √śī class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √śī class 2 verb]
  • vikṛtās -
  • vikṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vikṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tā* -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yuvatīr -
  • yuvati (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
    yuvatī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
    yu -> yuvatī (participle, feminine)
    [accusative plural from √yu class 2 verb]
  • adhīra -
  • adhīra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adhīra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ceṣṭāḥ -
  • ceṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ceṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “guṇavadvapuṣo 'pi valgubhāso nṛpasūnuḥ sa vigarhayāṃ babhūva
  • guṇavadvapuṣo' -
  • guṇavadvapus (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    guṇavadvapus (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • valgu -
  • valgu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    valgu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    valgu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    valgu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • bhāso* -
  • bhāsas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bhās (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nṛpa -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sūnuḥ -
  • sūnu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    sūnu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vigarhayā -
  • vigarhā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • babhūva -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 5.63

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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