Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 5.34

इति वाक्यमिदं निशम्य राज्ञः कलविङ्कस्वर उत्तरं बभाषे ।
यदि मे प्रतिभूश्चतुर्षु राजन् भवसि त्वं न तपोवनं श्रयिष्ये ॥ ३४ ॥

iti vākyamidaṃ niśamya rājñaḥ kalaviṅkasvara uttaraṃ babhāṣe |
yadi me pratibhūścaturṣu rājan bhavasi tvaṃ na tapovanaṃ śrayiṣye || 34 ||

Having heard these words of the king, he made his reply in a voice soft like a sparrow's: 'If thou wilt be my surety, O king, against four contingencies, I will not betake myself to the forest.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.34). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Iti, Vakya, Idam, Nisham, Nisha, Rajan, Kalavinkasvara, Uttaram, Uttara, Yadi, Yad, Asmad, Pratibhu, Shu, Rajat, Tva, Yushmad, Tapovana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 5.34). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “iti vākyamidaṃ niśamya rājñaḥ kalaviṅkasvara uttaraṃ babhāṣe
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • vākyam -
  • vākya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vac -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vak class 1 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vak class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vak class 1 verb]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • niśam -
  • niśam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    niśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    niśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ya -
  • rājñaḥ -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • kalaviṅkasvara* -
  • kalaviṅkasvara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uttaram -
  • uttaram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    uttara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    uttara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • babhāṣe -
  • bhāṣ (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • Line2: “yadi me pratibhūścaturṣu rājan bhavasi tvaṃ na tapovanaṃ śrayiṣye
  • yadi -
  • yadi (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    yadi (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • pratibhūś -
  • pratibhū (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • catur -
  • catur (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • ṣu -
  • ṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ṣū (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • bhavasi -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tapovanam -
  • tapovana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tapovanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śrayiṣye -
  • śri (verb class 1)
    [future middle first single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 5.34

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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