Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.102

ततः पुरोद्यानगतां जनश्रियं निरीक्ष्य सायं प्रतिसंहृतां पुनः ।
अनित्यतां सर्वगतां विचिन्तयन् विवेश धिष्ण्यं क्षितिपालकात्मजः ॥ १०२ ॥

tataḥ purodyānagatāṃ janaśriyaṃ nirīkṣya sāyaṃ pratisaṃhṛtāṃ punaḥ |
anityatāṃ sarvagatāṃ vicintayan viveśa dhiṣṇyaṃ kṣitipālakātmajaḥ || 102 ||

Having thus seen the beauty of the troop of women who had gone out to the city-garden, now withdrawn in the evening,—the prince, pondering the transitoriness which envelopes all things, entered his dwelling.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.102). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Purodyana, Gat, Gata, Janashri, Nirikshya, Sayam, Saya, Pratisamhrita, Puna, Anityata, Sarvagata, Cinta, Yat, Dhishnya, Dhishni, Kshitipala, Kat, Kas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.102). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ purodyānagatāṃ janaśriyaṃ nirīkṣya sāyaṃ pratisaṃhṛtāṃ punaḥ
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • purodyāna -
  • purodyāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatām -
  • gat (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    gat (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    gatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • janaśriyam -
  • janaśrī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    janaśrī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • nirīkṣya -
  • nirīkṣya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nirīkṣya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nirīkṣya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sāyam -
  • sāyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sāya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sāya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    -> sāya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ class 4 verb]
    -> sāya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 4 verb], [accusative single from √ class 4 verb]
  • pratisaṃhṛtām -
  • pratisaṃhṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • punaḥ -
  • pu (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    puna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “anityatāṃ sarvagatāṃ vicintayan viveśa dhiṣṇyaṃ kṣitipālakātmajaḥ
  • anityatām -
  • anityatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • sarvagatām -
  • sarvagatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • cinta -
  • cinta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cinta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cint (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • yan -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • viveśa -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    viś (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • dhiṣṇyam -
  • dhiṣṇya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhiṣṇya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dhiṣṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    dhiṣṇī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kṣitipāla -
  • kṣitipāla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāt -
  • kāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    kās (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • ma -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jaḥ -
  • ja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.102

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: