Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.83

इति श्रुत्वा वचस्तस्य श्लक्ष्णमागमसंहितम् ।
मेघस्तनितनिर्घोषः कुमारः प्रत्यभाषत ॥ ८३ ॥

iti śrutvā vacastasya ślakṣṇamāgamasaṃhitam |
meghastanitanirghoṣaḥ kumāraḥ pratyabhāṣata || 83 ||

Having heard these specious words of his, well-supported by sacred tradition, the prince made reply, in a voice like the thundering of a cloud:

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.83). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Iti, Vaca, Vacas, Tad, Shlakshnam, Shlakshna, Agamasamhita, Meghastanita, Nirghosha, Kumara, Prati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.83). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “iti śrutvā vacastasya ślakṣṇamāgamasaṃhitam
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • vacas -
  • vacas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vacas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ślakṣṇam -
  • ślakṣṇam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ślakṣṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ślakṣṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ślakṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āgamasaṃhitam -
  • āgamasaṃhita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āgamasaṃhita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    āgamasaṃhitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “meghastanitanirghoṣaḥ kumāraḥ pratyabhāṣata
  • meghastanita -
  • meghastanita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nirghoṣaḥ -
  • nirghoṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kumāraḥ -
  • kumāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pratya -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prati (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • abhāṣata -
  • bhāṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.83

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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