Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.79

स्त्रीसंसर्गं विनाशान्तं पाण्डुर्ज्ञात्वापि कौरवः ।
माद्रीरूपगुणाक्षिप्तः सिषेवे कामजं सुखम् ॥ ७९ ॥

strīsaṃsargaṃ vināśāntaṃ pāṇḍurjñātvāpi kauravaḥ |
mādrīrūpaguṇākṣiptaḥ siṣeve kāmajaṃ sukham || 79 ||

'And the Kaurava king Pandu, though he knew that intercourse with his wife would end in death, yet overcome by the beauty and good qualities of Madri yielded to the pleasures of love.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.79). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Strisamsarga, Vinashanta, Pandu, Api, Kaurava, Kauravas, Madri, Rupaguna, Akshipta, Kamaja, Sukham, Sukha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.79). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “strīsaṃsargaṃ vināśāntaṃ pāṇḍurjñātvāpi kauravaḥ
  • strīsaṃsargam -
  • strīsaṃsarga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • vināśāntam -
  • vināśānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vināśānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vināśāntā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pāṇḍur -
  • pāṇḍu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    pāṇḍu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • jñātvā -
  • jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
    jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • kauravaḥ -
  • kauravas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    kaurava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “mādrīrūpaguṇākṣiptaḥ siṣeve kāmajaṃ sukham
  • mādrīr -
  • mādri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mādrī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
  • rūpaguṇā -
  • rūpaguṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rūpaguṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rūpaguṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ākṣiptaḥ -
  • ākṣipta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • siṣeve -
  • sev (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • kāmajam -
  • kāmaja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāmaja (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāmajā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.79

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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