Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.45

अशोको दृश्यतामेष कामिशोकविवर्धनः ।
रुवन्ति भ्रमरा यत्र दह्यमाना इवाग्निना ॥ ४५ ॥

aśoko dṛśyatāmeṣa kāmiśokavivardhanaḥ |
ruvanti bhramarā yatra dahyamānā ivāgninā || 45 ||

'Come and see this ashoka tree, which augments lovers' sorrows,—where the bees make a noise as if they were scorched by fire.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.45). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ashoka, Drishyata, Esha, Kamin, Shokavivardhana, Ruvat, Bhramara, Yatra, Mana, Iva, Agni,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.45). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “aśoko dṛśyatāmeṣa kāmiśokavivardhanaḥ
  • aśoko* -
  • aśoka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śuk (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • dṛśyatām -
  • dṛśyatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    dṛś (verb class 1)
    [imperative passive third single]
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • kāmi -
  • kāmi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kāmi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kāmin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kāmin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • śokavivardhanaḥ -
  • śokavivardhana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “ruvanti bhramarā yatra dahyamānā ivāgninā
  • ruvanti -
  • ru -> ruvat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √ru class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √ru class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √ru class 2 verb]
    ru (verb class 2)
    [present active third plural]
  • bhramarā* -
  • bhramara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bhramarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dahya -
  • dah -> dahya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dah]
  • mānā* -
  • māna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    man -> māna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √man class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √man class 4 verb], [nominative plural from √man class 8 verb], [vocative plural from √man class 8 verb]
    man -> mānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √man class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √man class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √man class 4 verb], [nominative plural from √man class 8 verb], [vocative plural from √man class 8 verb], [accusative plural from √man class 8 verb]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • agninā -
  • agni (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.45

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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