Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.43

अथ लोलेक्सणा काचिज्जिघ्रन्ती नीलमुत्पलम् ।
किञ्चिन्मदकलैर्वाक्यैर्नृपात्मजमभाषत ॥ ४३ ॥

atha loleksaṇā kācijjighrantī nīlamutpalam |
kiñcinmadakalairvākyairnṛpātmajamabhāṣata || 43 ||

Then another with rolling eyes, smelling a blue lotus, thus addressed the prince with words slightly indistinct in her excitement,

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Atha, Nila, Utpala, Kincid, Madakala, Vakya, Nripatmaja,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “atha loleksaṇā kācijjighrantī nīlamutpalam
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Cannot analyse loleksaṇā*kā
  • Cannot analyse kācijjighrantī*nī
  • nīlam -
  • nīla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nīla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nīlā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • utpalam -
  • utpala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    utpala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    utpalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “kiñcinmadakalairvākyairnṛpātmajamabhāṣata
  • kiñcin -
  • kiñcid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • madakalair -
  • madakala (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    madakala (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • vākyair -
  • vākya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    vac -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √vac class 2 verb], [instrumental plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √vak class 1 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √vak class 1 verb]
  • nṛpātmajam -
  • nṛpātmaja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nṛpātmaja (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nṛpātmajā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • abhāṣata -
  • bhāṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.43

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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