Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 3.51

यदा च शब्दादिभिरिन्द्रियार्थैरन्तःपुरे नैव सुतो ऽस्य रेमे ।
ततो वहिर्व्यादिशति स्म यात्रां रसान्तरं स्यादिति मन्यमानः ॥ ५१ ॥

yadā ca śabdādibhirindriyārthairantaḥpure naiva suto 'sya reme |
tato vahirvyādiśati sma yātrāṃ rasāntaraṃ syāditi manyamānaḥ || 51 ||

But when in the women's apartments his son found no pleasure in the several objects of the senses, sweet sounds and the rest, he gave orders for another progress outside, thinking to himself, 'It may create a diversion of sentiment.'

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.51). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Shabdadi, Indriyartha, Antahpura, Naiva, Sut, Suta, Idam, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Vahi, Sma, Yatra, Rasantara, Syat, Sya, Iti, Manyamana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 3.51). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadā ca śabdādibhirindriyārthairantaḥpure naiva suto 'sya reme
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śabdādibhir -
  • śabdādi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • indriyārthair -
  • indriyārtha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • antaḥpure -
  • antaḥpura (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • naiva -
  • naiva (indeclinable)
  • suto' -
  • sut (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sut (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    suta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    su (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • reme -
  • ram (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • Line 2: “tato vahirvyādiśati sma yātrāṃ rasāntaraṃ syāditi manyamānaḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • vahir -
  • vahi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vyā -
  • vyā (Preverb)
  • diśati -
  • diś (verb class 6)
    [present active third single]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    sman (noun, masculine)
  • yātrām -
  • yātrā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • rasāntaram -
  • rasāntara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • syād -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • manyamānaḥ -
  • man -> manyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √man class 4 verb], [nominative single from √man class 8 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 3.51

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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