Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 2.21

ततो महार्हाणि च चन्दनानि रत्नावलीश्चौषधिभिः सगर्भाः ।
मृगप्रयुक्तान्रथकांश्च हैमानाचक्रिरे ऽस्मै सुहृदालयेभ्यः ॥ २१ ॥

tato mahārhāṇi ca candanāni ratnāvalīścauṣadhibhiḥ sagarbhāḥ |
mṛgaprayuktānrathakāṃśca haimānācakrire 'smai suhṛdālayebhyaḥ || 21 ||

Then they brought him as presents from the houses of his friends costly unguents of sandalwood, and strings of gems exactly like wreaths of plants, and little golden carriages yoked with deer;

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Maharha, Candana, Ratnavali, Aushadhi, Aushadhin, Sagarbha, Mriga, Prayukta, Rathaka, Haima, Acakri, Idam, Suhrid, Suhrida, Alaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 2.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato mahārhāṇi ca candanāni ratnāvalīścauṣadhibhiḥ sagarbhāḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • mahārhāṇi -
  • mahārha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • candanāni -
  • candana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ratnāvalīś -
  • ratnāvalī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
  • cau -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • auṣadhibhiḥ -
  • auṣadhi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
    auṣadhin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    auṣadhin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sagarbhāḥ -
  • sagarbha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sagarbhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “mṛgaprayuktānrathakāṃśca haimānācakrire 'smai suhṛdālayebhyaḥ
  • mṛga -
  • mṛga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prayuktān -
  • prayukta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • rathakāṃś -
  • rathaka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • haimān -
  • haima (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ācakrir -
  • ācakri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ācakri (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • e' -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    i (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • asmai -
  • idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • suhṛdā -
  • suhṛda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    suhṛd (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    suhṛd (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • alayebhyaḥ -
  • alaya (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    alaya (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 2.21

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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