Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.94

इति नरपतिपुत्रजन्मवृद्ध्या सजनपदं कपिलाह्वयं पुरं तत् ।
धनदपुरमिवाप्सरो ऽवकीर्णं मुदितमभून्नलकूवरप्रसूतौ ॥ ९४ ॥

iti narapatiputrajanmavṛddhyā sajanapadaṃ kapilāhvayaṃ puraṃ tat |
dhanadapuramivāpsaro 'vakīrṇaṃ muditamabhūnnalakūvaraprasūtau || 94 ||

Thus at the good fortune of the birth of the king's son, that city surnamed after Kapila, with all the surrounding inhabitants, was full of gladness like the city of the lord of wealth, crowded with heavenly nymphs, at the birth of his son Nalakuvara.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.94). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Iti, Putra, Janma, Janman, Vriddhi, Sajanapada, Kapilahvaya, Pur, Pura, Tat, Tad, Dhanada, Iva, Apsaras, Apsara, Avakirna, Mudita, Nala, Varapra, Suta, Suti, Sutu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.94). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “iti narapatiputrajanmavṛddhyā sajanapadaṃ kapilāhvayaṃ puraṃ tat
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • narapati -
  • narapati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • putra -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • janma -
  • janma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    janma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    janman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vṛddhyā -
  • vṛddhi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • sajanapadam -
  • sajanapada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sajanapada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sajanapadā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kapilāhvayam -
  • kapilāhvaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • puram -
  • pura (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pura (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    pur (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “dhanadapuramivāpsaro 'vakīrṇaṃ muditamabhūnnalakūvaraprasūtau
  • dhanada -
  • dhanada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhanada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • puram -
  • pura (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pura (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    pur (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • apsaro' -
  • apsaras (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    apsara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • avakīrṇam -
  • avakīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    avakīrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    avakīrṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • muditam -
  • mudita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mudita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    muditā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    mud -> mudita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √mud class 1 verb]
    mud -> mudita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √mud class 1 verb], [accusative single from √mud class 1 verb]
    mud -> mudita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √mud class 10 verb]
    mud -> mudita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √mud class 10 verb], [accusative single from √mud class 10 verb]
  • abhūn -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • nala -
  • nala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nal (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    ku (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • varapra -
  • varapra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    varapra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sūtau -
  • sūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sūti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    sūti (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sūtu (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    su -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √su class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √su class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √su class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √su class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √su class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √su class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 2 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.94

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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