Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.61

एतच्च तद्येन नृपर्षयस्ते धर्मेण सूक्ष्माणि धनान्यपास्य ।
नित्यं त्यजन्तो विधिवद्बभूवुस्तपोभिराढ्या विभवैर्दरिद्राः ॥ ६१ ॥

etacca tadyena nṛparṣayaste dharmeṇa sūkṣmāṇi dhanānyapāsya |
nityaṃ tyajanto vidhivadbabhūvustapobhirāḍhyā vibhavairdaridrāḥ || 61 ||

'This is the true way in which those seer-kings of old, rejecting through duty all trivial riches, have ever flung them away as was right,—being poor in outward substance but rich in ascetic endurance.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.61). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Etad, Tad, Tat, Yena, Yah, Yat, Nriparshi, Yushmad, Dharmena, Dharma, Sukshma, Dhana, Apasya, Nityam, Nitya, Tyajat, Vidhivat, Tapas, Adhya, Vibhava, Daridra,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.61). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “etacca tadyena nṛparṣayaste dharmeṇa sūkṣmāṇi dhanānyapāsya
  • etac -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yena -
  • yena (indeclinable)
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • nṛparṣayas -
  • nṛparṣi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • dharmeṇa -
  • dharmeṇa (indeclinable)
    dharma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • sūkṣmāṇi -
  • sūkṣma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dhanānya -
  • dhana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    dhan (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first single]
  • apāsya -
  • apāsya (indeclinable)
    apāsya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    apāsya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “nityaṃ tyajanto vidhivadbabhūvustapobhirāḍhyā vibhavairdaridrāḥ
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
  • tyajanto* -
  • tyaj -> tyajat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √tyaj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tyaj class 1 verb]
  • vidhivad -
  • vidhivat (indeclinable)
  • babhūvus -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • tapobhir -
  • tapas (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • āḍhyā* -
  • āḍhya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āḍhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vibhavair -
  • vibhava (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    vibhava (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • daridrāḥ -
  • daridra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    daridrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.61

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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