Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.57

ततो नृपस्तं मुनिमासनस्थं पाद्यार्घ्यपूर्वं प्रतिपूज्य सम्यक् ।
निमन्त्रयामास यथोपचारं पुरा वसिष्ठं स इवान्तिदेवः ॥ ५७ ॥

tato nṛpastaṃ munimāsanasthaṃ pādyārghyapūrvaṃ pratipūjya samyak |
nimantrayāmāsa yathopacāraṃ purā vasiṣṭhaṃ sa ivāntidevaḥ || 57 ||

Then the king, having duly honoured the sage, who was seated in his seat, with water for the feet and an arghya offering, invited him (to speak) with all ceremonies of respect, as did Antideva in olden time to Vashishtha:

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.57). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Nripa, Tap, Muni, Asanastha, Padin, Padya, Arghya, Purvam, Purva, Pratipujya, Samyak, Antra, Amasa, Yathopacaram, Pura, Vasishtha, Sah, Iva, Antideva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.57). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato nṛpastaṃ munimāsanasthaṃ pādyārghyapūrvaṃ pratipūjya samyak
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • nṛpas -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    tap (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    tap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • munim -
  • muni (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • āsanastham -
  • āsanastha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āsanastha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    āsanasthā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pādyā -
  • pādin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    pādin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pādya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pādya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pad -> pādya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √pad]
    pad -> pādya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √pad]
    pad -> pādya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √pad]
    pad -> pādya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √pad]
    pad -> pādya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √pad]
    pad -> pādya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √pad]
    pādyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pad -> pādya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √pad class 4 verb], [vocative single from √pad]
    pad -> pādya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √pad class 4 verb], [vocative single from √pad]
    pad -> pādyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √pad class 4 verb], [nominative single from √pad]
    pad -> pādya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √pad class 1 verb], [vocative single from √pad]
    pad -> pādya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √pad class 1 verb], [vocative single from √pad]
    pad -> pādyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √pad class 1 verb], [nominative single from √pad]
  • ārghya -
  • ārghya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ārghya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pūrvam -
  • pūrvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pūrva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pūrva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pratipūjya -
  • pratipūjya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pratipūjya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • samyak -
  • samyak (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 2: “nimantrayāmāsa yathopacāraṃ purā vasiṣṭhaṃ sa ivāntidevaḥ
  • nim -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • antrayā -
  • antrā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • amāsa -
  • amāsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    amāsa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yathopacāram -
  • yathopacāram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • purā* -
  • pura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vasiṣṭham -
  • vasiṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vasiṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vasiṣṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sa* -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • antidevaḥ -
  • antideva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.57

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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