Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.42

प्रागुत्तरे चावसथप्रदेशे कूपः स्वयं प्रादुरभूत्सिताम्बुः ।
अन्तः पुराण्यागतविस्मयानि यस्मिन् क्रियास्तीर्थ इव प्रचक्रुः ॥ ४२ ॥

prāguttare cāvasathapradeśe kūpaḥ svayaṃ prādurabhūtsitāmbuḥ |
antaḥ purāṇyāgatavismayāni yasmin kriyāstīrtha iva pracakruḥ || 42 ||

In the north-eastern part of the dwelling a well of pure water appeared of its own accord, wherein the inhabitants of the gynaeceum, filled with wonder, performed their rites as in a sacred bathing-place.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Praguttara, Asat, Han, Pradesha, Kupa, Svayam, Pradur, Sita, Ambu, Anta, Pura, Purani, Agatavismaya, Yah, Yat, Kriya, Tirtha, Iva, Pra, Cakru,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “prāguttare cāvasathapradeśe kūpaḥ svayaṃ prādurabhūtsitāmbuḥ
  • prāguttare -
  • prāguttara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    prāguttara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    prāguttarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cāva -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • asat -
  • asat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    asat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sas (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • ha -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • pradeśe -
  • pradeśa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • kūpaḥ -
  • kūpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • svayam -
  • svayam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • prādur -
  • prādur (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • abhūt -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • sitā -
  • sita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    -> sita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 4 verb]
    -> sita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 4 verb]
    -> sitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √ class 4 verb]
    si -> sita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √si class 5 verb], [vocative single from √si class 9 verb]
    si -> sita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √si class 5 verb], [vocative single from √si class 9 verb]
    si -> sitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √si class 5 verb], [nominative single from √si class 9 verb]
  • ambuḥ -
  • ambu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ambu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “antaḥ purāṇyāgatavismayāni yasmin kriyāstīrtha iva pracakruḥ
  • antaḥ -
  • anta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • purāṇyā -
  • purāṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [instrumental single]
    pura (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    pur (verb class 6)
    [imperative active first single]
  • āgatavismayāni -
  • āgatavismaya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yasmin -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • kriyās -
  • kriya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kriyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [benedictive active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [benedictive active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [benedictive active second single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [benedictive active second single]
  • tīrtha -
  • tīrtha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • cakruḥ -
  • cakru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    cakru (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.42

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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