Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.28

सुरप्रधानैः परिधार्यमाणो देहांशुजालैरनुरञ्जयंस्तान् ।
सन्ध्याभ्रजालोपरिसंनिविष्टं नवोडुराजं विजिगाय लक्ष्म्या ॥ २८ ॥

surapradhānaiḥ paridhāryamāṇo dehāṃśujālairanurañjayaṃstān |
sandhyābhrajāloparisaṃniviṣṭaṃ navoḍurājaṃ vijigāya lakṣmyā || 28 ||

Carried about by the chief suras, and delighting them with the rays that streamed from his body, he surpassed in beauty the new moon as it rests on a mass of evening clouds.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.28). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sura, Pradhana, Paridharya, Deha, Amshujala, Anu, Anjayat, Sandhyabhra, Pari, Samnivishta, Nava, Navan, Uduraj, Vij, Gaya, Lakshmi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.28). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “surapradhānaiḥ paridhāryamāṇo dehāṃśujālairanurañjayaṃstān
  • sura -
  • sura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sur (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • pradhānaiḥ -
  • pradhāna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    pradhāna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • paridhāryam -
  • paridhārya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    paridhārya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    paridhāryā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āṇo* -
  • aṇ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • dehā -
  • deha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    deha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dah (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • aṃśujālair -
  • aṃśujāla (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • anur -
  • anu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    anu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • añjayaṃs -
  • añj -> añjayat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √añj], [vocative single from √añj]
  • tān -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “sandhyābhrajāloparisaṃniviṣṭaṃ navoḍurājaṃ vijigāya lakṣmyā
  • sandhyābhra -
  • sandhyābhra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jālo -
  • pari -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • saṃniviṣṭam -
  • saṃniviṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saṃniviṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    saṃniviṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • navo -
  • nava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    navan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    navan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    navā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nu (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • uḍurājam -
  • uḍurāj (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • viji -
  • vij (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • gāya -
  • gāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ga (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    ga (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • lakṣmyā -
  • lakṣmī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.28

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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