Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.11

भुजेन यस्याभिहताः पतन्तो द्विषद्द्विपेन्द्राः समराङ्गणेषु ।
उद्वान्तमुक्ताप्रकरैः शिरोभिर्भक्त्येव पुष्पाञ्जलिभिः प्रणेमुः ॥ ११ ॥

bhujena yasyābhihatāḥ patanto dviṣaddvipendrāḥ samarāṅgaṇeṣu |
udvāntamuktāprakaraiḥ śirobhirbhaktyeva puṣpāñjalibhiḥ praṇemuḥ || 11 ||

Falling smitten by his arm in the arena of battle, the lordly elephants of his enemies bowed prostrate with their heads pouring forth quantities of pearls as if they were offering handfuls of flowers in homage.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhuja, Yasya, Yah, Yat, Abhihata, Patat, Dvishat, Dvipendra, Samarangana, Udvanta, Ukta, Aprakara, Shiras, Bhaktya, Bhakti, Iva, Pushpanjali, Prana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhujena yasyābhihatāḥ patanto dviṣaddvipendrāḥ samarāṅgaṇeṣu
  • bhujena -
  • bhuja (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • yasyā -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    yasyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • abhihatāḥ -
  • abhihata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    abhihatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • patanto* -
  • patat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pat -> patat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √pat class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √pat class 1 verb]
  • dviṣad -
  • dviṣat (noun, masculine)
    dviṣat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • dvipendrāḥ -
  • dvipendra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • samarāṅgaṇeṣu -
  • samarāṅgaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • Line 2: “udvāntamuktāprakaraiḥ śirobhirbhaktyeva puṣpāñjalibhiḥ praṇemuḥ
  • udvāntam -
  • udvānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    udvānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    udvāntā (noun, feminine)
  • uktā -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ukta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> ukta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> uktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • aprakaraiḥ -
  • aprakara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    aprakara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • śirobhir -
  • śiras (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • bhaktye -
  • bhaktyā (indeclinable)
    bhakti (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • puṣpāñjalibhiḥ -
  • puṣpāñjali (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    puṣpāñjali (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    puṣpāñjali (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • praṇe -
  • praṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    praṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    praṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • muḥ -
  • mur (noun, masculine)
    mu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.11

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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