Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.4

रत्नप्रभोद्भासिनि यत्र लेभे तमो न दारिद्र्यमिवावकाशम् ।
परार्ध्यपौरैः सहवासतोषात् कृतस्मितेवातिरराज लक्ष्मीः ॥ ४ ॥

ratnaprabhodbhāsini yatra lebhe tamo na dāridryamivāvakāśam |
parārdhyapauraiḥ sahavāsatoṣāt kṛtasmitevātirarāja lakṣmīḥ || 4 ||

In that city, shining with the splendour of gems, darkness like poverty could find no place; prosperity shone resplendently, as with a smile, from the joy of dwelling with such surpassingly excellent citizens.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ratnaprabha, Udbhasin, Udbhasini, Yatra, Tama, Tamas, Daridrya, Iva, Avakasha, Parardhya, Paura, Sahavasa, Tosha, Krita, Smita, Smiti, Vati, Lakshmi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ratnaprabhodbhāsini yatra lebhe tamo na dāridryamivāvakāśam
  • ratnaprabho -
  • ratnaprabha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ratnaprabhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • udbhāsini -
  • udbhāsinī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    udbhāsin (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    udbhāsin (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lebhe -
  • labh (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • tamo* -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dāridryam -
  • dāridrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • avakāśam -
  • avakāśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “parārdhyapauraiḥ sahavāsatoṣāt kṛtasmitevātirarāja lakṣmīḥ
  • parārdhya -
  • parārdhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    parārdhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pauraiḥ -
  • paura (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    paura (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sahavāsa -
  • sahavāsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • toṣāt -
  • toṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • kṛta -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural], [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [injunctive middle third single]
  • smite -
  • smita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    smita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    smitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    smiti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    smi -> smita (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √smi class 1 verb]
    smi -> smita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √smi class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √smi class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √smi class 1 verb], [locative single from √smi class 1 verb]
    smi -> smitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √smi class 1 verb], [vocative single from √smi class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √smi class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √smi class 1 verb]
  • vātir -
  • vāti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • arāja -
  • arājan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • lakṣmīḥ -
  • lakṣmī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.4

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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