The Tattvasangraha [with commentary]

by Ganganatha Jha | 1937 | 699,812 words | ISBN-10: 8120800583 | ISBN-13: 9788120800588

This page contains verse 477-479 of the 8th-century Tattvasangraha (English translation) by Shantarakshita, including the commentary (Panjika) by Kamalashila: dealing with Indian philosophy from a Buddhist and non-Buddhist perspective. The Tattvasangraha (Tattvasamgraha) consists of 3646 Sanskrit verses; this is verse 477-479.

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:

यः क्षणः कुशलादीनां कर्तृत्वेनावकल्प्यते ।
फलप्रसवकाले तु नैवासावनुवर्त्तते ॥ ४७७ ॥
यः फलस्य प्रसूतौ च भोक्ता संवर्ण्यते क्षणः ।
तेन नैव कृतं कर्म तस्य पूर्वमसंभवात् ॥ ४७८ ॥
कर्मतत्फलयोरेवमेककर्त्रपरिग्रहात् ।
कृतनाशाकृतप्राप्तिरासक्ताऽतिविरोधिनी ॥ ४७९ ॥

yaḥ kṣaṇaḥ kuśalādīnāṃ kartṛtvenāvakalpyate |
phalaprasavakāle tu naivāsāvanuvarttate || 477 ||
yaḥ phalasya prasūtau ca bhoktā saṃvarṇyate kṣaṇaḥ |
tena naiva kṛtaṃ karma tasya pūrvamasaṃbhavāt || 478 ||
karmatatphalayorevamekakartraparigrahāt |
kṛtanāśākṛtaprāptirāsaktā'tivirodhinī || 479 ||

“In the case of active people, that ‘moment’ (momentary thing) which is believed to be the doer of the act, does not continue to exist at the time of the appearance of the result of that act;—and the act was not done by that ‘moment’ which is spoken of as the experiencer of the result at the time of its appearance; as it did not exist at that time.—Thus, inasmuch as no single entity is admitted as being the doer of the act and the experiencer of its results,—the position thus clearly is that the act is lost for the man who did it and its results befall one who did not do it,—which is extremely anomalous.”—(477-479)


Kamalaśīla’s commentary (tattvasaṃgrahapañjikā):

Does not continue to exist’;—as it is destroyed immediately on its coming into existence.

Inasmuch as no single entity, etc.’;—i.e. since the Act and its Result have not been taken up by one and the same entity. There is ‘loss of the Act’ for the 'doer of the act, as he does not come by the result; and there is ‘befalling of what he did not do’ on the man who did not do the act.

Extremely anomalous’;—i.e. no such situation is found either among people or mentioned in the scriptures.—(477-479)

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