Ratnamalavadana [sanskrit]

83,177 words | ISBN-10: 8172702957 | ISBN-13: 9788172702953

The Sanskrit edition of the Ratnamalavadana: a collection of Buddhist stories (avadana) belonging to the Mahayana tradition. Literally, “a garland of precious gems” or “a collection of edifying tales”, these 38 stories revolve around king Ashoka and the monk Upagupta. Original titles: Ratnamālāvadāna (रत्नमालावदान), Ratnamālā-āvadāna (रत्नमाला-आवदान, Ratnamala-avadana)

हीनाचारातिदीनाश्च मत्सरा नित्यकांक्षिणः ।
जायंते ये नराः प्रेता ऽष्टास्ते गलगण्डकाः ॥ १२१ ॥ {३}

hīnācārātidīnāśca matsarā nityakāṃkṣiṇaḥ |
jāyaṃte ye narāḥ pretā 'ṣṭāste galagaṇḍakāḥ || 121 || {3}

The English translation of Ratnamalavadana Verse 28.121 is contained in the book Ratnamalavadana by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi (2005)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (28.121). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hina, Acara, Ati, Dina, Matsara, Nitya, Kankshin, Jayanta, Yah, Yat, Nara, Ashta, Tad, Yushmad, Galaganda,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ratnamalavadana Verse 28.121). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hīnācārātidīnāśca matsarā nityakāṃkṣiṇaḥ
  • hīnā -
  • hīna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hīna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hīnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    -> hīna (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> hīna (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> hīnā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ class 3 verb]
  • ācārā -
  • ācāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • dīnāś -
  • dīna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dīnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • matsarā* -
  • matsara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    matsarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nitya -
  • nitya (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāṅkṣiṇaḥ -
  • kāṅkṣin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kāṅkṣin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “jāyaṃte ye narāḥ pretā 'ṣṭāste galagaṇḍakāḥ
  • jāyante -
  • jāyanta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third plural]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third plural]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • narāḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pretā' -
  • aṣṭās -
  • aṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    aṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    -> aṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √ class 5 verb]
    -> aṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √ class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √ class 5 verb]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • galagaṇḍa -
  • galagaṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāḥ -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
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