Ratnamalavadana [sanskrit]

83,177 words | ISBN-10: 8172702957 | ISBN-13: 9788172702953

The Sanskrit edition of the Ratnamalavadana: a collection of Buddhist stories (avadana) belonging to the Mahayana tradition. Literally, “a garland of precious gems” or “a collection of edifying tales”, these 38 stories revolve around king Ashoka and the monk Upagupta. Original titles: Ratnamālāvadāna (रत्नमालावदान), Ratnamālā-āvadāna (रत्नमाला-आवदान, Ratnamala-avadana)

इदं नरा ये चि च गंधमादनावदानमत्र प्रथितं प्रसादिताः ।
शृण्वन्ति ये चापि निशामयन्ति सर्वे सुखाढ्याः प्रचरन्ति सद्गतौ ।
अथाशोको महाराजः सांजलिः संप्रमोदितः ।
उपगुप्तं गुरुं नत्वा पुनरेवमभाषत ॥ १ ॥ {१}

idaṃ narā ye ci ca gaṃdhamādanāvadānamatra prathitaṃ prasāditāḥ |
śṛṇvanti ye cāpi niśāmayanti sarve sukhāḍhyāḥ pracaranti sadgatau |
athāśoko mahārājaḥ sāṃjaliḥ saṃpramoditaḥ |
upaguptaṃ guruṃ natvā punarevamabhāṣata || 1 || {1}

The English translation of Ratnamalavadana Verse 23.1 is contained in the book Ratnamalavadana by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi (2005)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (23.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Idam, Nara, Yah, Yat, Gandhamadana, Adana, Atra, Prathita, Prasadita, Shrinvat, Capin, Capi, Nishama, Sarva, Sukha, Adhya, Pra, Sadgati, Atha, Ashoka, Maharaja, Sanjali, Pramodita, Upagupta, Guru, Punar, Evam, Eva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ratnamalavadana Verse 23.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “idaṃ narā ye ci ca gaṃdhamādanāvadānamatra prathitaṃ prasāditāḥ
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • narā* -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Cannot analyse ci*ca
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gandhamādanāva -
  • gandhamādana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • adānam -
  • adāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    dān (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • atra -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prathitam -
  • prathita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prathita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prathitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    prath -> prathita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √prath]
    prath -> prathita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √prath]
    prath -> prathitā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √prath]
    prath -> prathita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √prath class 1 verb], [accusative single from √prath class 10 verb], [accusative single from √prath]
    prath -> prathita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √prath class 1 verb], [accusative single from √prath class 1 verb], [nominative single from √prath class 10 verb], [accusative single from √prath class 10 verb], [nominative single from √prath], [accusative single from √prath]
  • prasāditāḥ -
  • prasādita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prasāditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “śṛṇvanti ye cāpi niśāmayanti sarve sukhāḍhyāḥ pracaranti sadgatau
  • śṛṇvanti -
  • śru -> śṛṇvat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru (verb class 5)
    [present active third plural]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cāpī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    cāpī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cāpi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • niśāma -
  • niśāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yanti -
  • yanti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √i class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √i class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third plural]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sukhā -
  • sukha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • āḍhyāḥ -
  • āḍhya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    āḍhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • caranti -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • sadgatau -
  • sadgati (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 3: “athāśoko mahārājaḥ sāṃjaliḥ saṃpramoditaḥ
  • athā -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aśoko* -
  • aśoka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śuk (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • mahārājaḥ -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sāñjaliḥ -
  • sāñjali (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sāñjali (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sam -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pramoditaḥ -
  • pramodita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 4: “upaguptaṃ guruṃ natvā punarevamabhāṣata || 1 |
  • upaguptam -
  • upagupta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    upagupta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    upaguptā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gurum -
  • guru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • natvā -
  • nam -> natvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √nam]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • abhāṣata -
  • bhāṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third single]
  • Cannot analyse 1
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