Ratnamalavadana [sanskrit]

83,177 words | ISBN-10: 8172702957 | ISBN-13: 9788172702953

The Sanskrit edition of the Ratnamalavadana: a collection of Buddhist stories (avadana) belonging to the Mahayana tradition. Literally, “a garland of precious gems” or “a collection of edifying tales”, these 38 stories revolve around king Ashoka and the monk Upagupta. Original titles: Ratnamālāvadāna (रत्नमालावदान), Ratnamālā-āvadāna (रत्नमाला-आवदान, Ratnamala-avadana)

इदं नरा ये धनिकावदानं शृण्वन्ति ये चापि निशामयन्ति ।
सुखानि भुक्त्वा स शुभे सदा ते सर्वे ऽपि शम्यान्ति जिनालयन्ते ।
अथाशोको नरेन्द्रः स कृतांजलिपुटो मुदा ।
उपगुप्तं गुरुं नत्वा पुनरेवमभाषत ॥ १ ॥ {१}

idaṃ narā ye dhanikāvadānaṃ śṛṇvanti ye cāpi niśāmayanti |
sukhāni bhuktvā sa śubhe sadā te sarve 'pi śamyānti jinālayante |
athāśoko narendraḥ sa kṛtāṃjalipuṭo mudā |
upaguptaṃ guruṃ natvā punarevamabhāṣata || 1 || {1}

The English translation of Ratnamalavadana Verse 19.1 is contained in the book Ratnamalavadana by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi (2005)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (19.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Idam, Nara, Yah, Yat, Dhanika, Adana, Shrinvat, Capin, Nishama, Sukha, Bhuktva, Shubha, Shubh, Sada, Sad, Tad, Yushmad, Sarva, Api, Shami, Shamya, Anti, Jina, Atha, Ashoka, Narendra, Kritanjaliputa, Mud, Muda, Upagupta, Guru, Punar, Evam, Eva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ratnamalavadana Verse 19.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “idaṃ narā ye dhanikāvadānaṃ śṛṇvanti ye cāpi niśāmayanti
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • narā* -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • dhanikāva -
  • dhanika (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • adānam -
  • adāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    dān (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • śṛṇvanti -
  • śru -> śṛṇvat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √śru class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru (verb class 5)
    [present active third plural]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • niśāma -
  • niśāma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yanti -
  • yanti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √i class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √i class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third plural]
  • Line 2: “sukhāni bhuktvā sa śubhe sadā te sarve 'pi śamyānti jinālayante
  • sukhāni -
  • sukha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhuktvā -
  • bhuktvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhuj -> bhuktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bhuj]
    bhuj -> bhuktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bhuj]
    bhuj -> bhuktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √bhuj]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śubhe -
  • śubha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śubha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    śubhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śubh (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    śubh (verb class 6)
    [present middle first single]
  • sadā -
  • sadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • sarve' -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • śamyā -
  • śamya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śamya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śam -> śamya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √śam]
    śam -> śamya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √śam]
    śami (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    śamī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    śamyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    śam -> śamya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √śam class 4 verb], [vocative single from √śam class 9 verb], [vocative single from √śam]
    śam -> śamya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √śam class 4 verb], [vocative single from √śam class 9 verb], [vocative single from √śam]
    śam -> śamyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √śam class 4 verb], [nominative single from √śam class 9 verb], [nominative single from √śam]
  • anti -
  • anti (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    anti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    antī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • jinā -
  • ji (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ji (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    jinā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • layante -
  • lay (verb class 1)
    [present middle third plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [present middle third plural]
  • Line 3: “athāśoko narendraḥ sa kṛtāṃjalipuṭo mudā
  • athā -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aśoko* -
  • aśoka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śuk (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • narendraḥ -
  • narendra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛtāñjalipuṭo* -
  • kṛtāñjalipuṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mudā -
  • mud (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mudā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 4: “upaguptaṃ guruṃ natvā punarevamabhāṣata
  • upaguptam -
  • upagupta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    upagupta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    upaguptā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gurum -
  • guru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • natvā -
  • nam -> natvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √nam]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • abhāṣata -
  • bhāṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third single]
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