Ratnamalavadana [sanskrit]

83,177 words | ISBN-10: 8172702957 | ISBN-13: 9788172702953

The Sanskrit edition of the Ratnamalavadana: a collection of Buddhist stories (avadana) belonging to the Mahayana tradition. Literally, “a garland of precious gems” or “a collection of edifying tales”, these 38 stories revolve around king Ashoka and the monk Upagupta. Original titles: Ratnamālāvadāna (रत्नमालावदान), Ratnamālā-āvadāna (रत्नमाला-आवदान, Ratnamala-avadana)

यदर्थमेव जीवामस्तदर्थं यन्न विद्यते ।
किं तेन जीवितेनापि केवलं दुःखभागिनः ॥ २२० ॥ {१८}

yadarthameva jīvāmastadarthaṃ yanna vidyate |
kiṃ tena jīvitenāpi kevalaṃ duḥkhabhāginaḥ || 220 || {18}

The English translation of Ratnamalavadana Verse 12.220 is contained in the book Ratnamalavadana by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi (2005)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.220). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yadartha, Eva, Tadartha, Yat, Kim, Tad, Tena, Jivita, Api, Kevalam, Kevala, Duhkhabhagin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ratnamalavadana Verse 12.220). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadarthameva jīvāmastadarthaṃ yanna vidyate
  • yadartham -
  • yadartha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yadartha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yadarthā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jīvāmas -
  • jīv (verb class 1)
    [present active first plural]
  • tadartham -
  • tadartha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tadartha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tadarthā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yann -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vidyate -
  • vid (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 7)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 2: “kiṃ tena jīvitenāpi kevalaṃ duḥkhabhāginaḥ
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • jīvitenā -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √jīv class 1 verb]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • kevalam -
  • kevalam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kevala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kevala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kevalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • duḥkhabhāginaḥ -
  • duḥkhabhāgin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    duḥkhabhāgin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
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