Ratnamalavadana [sanskrit]

83,177 words | ISBN-10: 8172702957 | ISBN-13: 9788172702953

The Sanskrit edition of the Ratnamalavadana: a collection of Buddhist stories (avadana) belonging to the Mahayana tradition. Literally, “a garland of precious gems” or “a collection of edifying tales”, these 38 stories revolve around king Ashoka and the monk Upagupta. Original titles: Ratnamālāvadāna (रत्नमालावदान), Ratnamālā-āvadāna (रत्नमाला-आवदान, Ratnamala-avadana)

किं मया नृपभूतेन यशोधर्मविघातिना ।
न शक्यंते प्रजा येन रक्षितुमीतिपीडिते ।
धिग्मां नृपाधमीभूतं किं पापं प्रकृतं मया ।
येन यस्य प्रजा एव क्षुत्पिपासहता मृताः ।
किमेव मम राज्ये न भोग्यैश्चापि धनैरपि ।
किं तेन जीवितेनापि यशोधर्मविनाशिना ॥ ११७ ॥ {१८}

kiṃ mayā nṛpabhūtena yaśodharmavighātinā |
na śakyaṃte prajā yena rakṣitumītipīḍite |
dhigmāṃ nṛpādhamībhūtaṃ kiṃ pāpaṃ prakṛtaṃ mayā |
yena yasya prajā eva kṣutpipāsahatā mṛtāḥ |
kimeva mama rājye na bhogyaiścāpi dhanairapi |
kiṃ tena jīvitenāpi yaśodharmavināśinā || 117 || {18}

The English translation of Ratnamalavadana Verse 2.117 is contained in the book Ratnamalavadana by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi (2005)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.117). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kim, Maya, Nripa, Bhuta, Vighatin, Praja, Prajas, Yena, Yah, Yat, Pidita, Dha, Gma, Papam, Papa, Prakrita, Prakrit, Asmad, Yasya, Eva, Kshutpipasa, Hata, Mrita, Kimi, Rajya, Bhogya, Capin, Dhana, Api, Tad, Tena, Jivita, Vinashin, Vinashi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ratnamalavadana Verse 2.117). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kiṃ mayā nṛpabhūtena yaśodharmavighātinā
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • mayā* -
  • maya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nṛpa -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūtena -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • yaśodharma -
  • yaśodharman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • vighātinā -
  • vighātin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vighātin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “na śakyaṃte prajā yena rakṣitumītipīḍite
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śakyante -
  • śak (verb class 5)
    [present passive third plural]
  • prajā* -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    prajas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yena -
  • yena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • rakṣitum -
  • rakṣ -> rakṣitum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √rakṣ]
  • īti -
  • īti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • pīḍite -
  • pīḍita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pīḍita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pīḍitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pīḍ -> pīḍita (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √pīḍ class 10 verb]
    pīḍ -> pīḍita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √pīḍ class 10 verb], [vocative dual from √pīḍ class 10 verb], [accusative dual from √pīḍ class 10 verb], [locative single from √pīḍ class 10 verb]
    pīḍ -> pīḍitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √pīḍ class 10 verb], [vocative single from √pīḍ class 10 verb], [vocative dual from √pīḍ class 10 verb], [accusative dual from √pīḍ class 10 verb]
  • Line 3: “dhigmāṃ nṛpādhamībhūtaṃ kiṃ pāpaṃ prakṛtaṃ mayā
  • dhi -
  • dhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    dhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    dhā (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • gmām -
  • gmā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse nṛpādhamībhūtam*ki
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pāpam -
  • pāpam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pāpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pāpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pāpā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • prakṛtam -
  • prakṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prakṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prakṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    prakṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    prakṛt (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • mayā -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 4: “yena yasya prajā eva kṣutpipāsahatā mṛtāḥ
  • yena -
  • yena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • yasya -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • prajā* -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    prajas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṣutpipāsa -
  • kṣutpipāsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣutpipāsa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hatā* -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    hatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √han class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √han class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √han class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hatā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √han class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √han class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √han class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √han class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √han class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √han class 2 verb]
  • mṛtāḥ -
  • mṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mṛ -> mṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √mṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √mṛ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √mṛ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ -> mṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √mṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √mṛ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √mṛ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √mṛ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √mṛ class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √mṛ class 6 verb]
  • Line 5: “kimeva mama rājye na bhogyaiścāpi dhanairapi
  • kime -
  • kimi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    kimi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • va -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mama -
  • asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • rājye -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [locative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [locative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √rāj], [vocative dual from √rāj], [accusative dual from √rāj], [locative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √rāj], [vocative single from √rāj], [vocative dual from √rāj], [accusative dual from √rāj]
    rāj (verb class 1)
    [present passive first single]
    rāj (verb class 0)
    [present passive first single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhogyaiś -
  • bhogya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bhogya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • dhanair -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • Line 6: “kiṃ tena jīvitenāpi yaśodharmavināśinā
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • jīvitenā -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √jīv class 1 verb]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • yaśodharma -
  • yaśodharman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • vināśinā -
  • vināśin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vināśin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vināśī (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
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