Ratnamalavadana [sanskrit]

83,177 words | ISBN-10: 8172702957 | ISBN-13: 9788172702953

The Sanskrit edition of the Ratnamalavadana: a collection of Buddhist stories (avadana) belonging to the Mahayana tradition. Literally, “a garland of precious gems” or “a collection of edifying tales”, these 38 stories revolve around king Ashoka and the monk Upagupta. Original titles: Ratnamālāvadāna (रत्नमालावदान), Ratnamālā-āvadāna (रत्नमाला-आवदान, Ratnamala-avadana)

तत्कौशीद्यावदानं मुनिवरकथितं श्रद्धया यः शृणोति ।
श्रुत्वा यः श्रावयेद् यः प्रतिदिनमनिशं बुद्धसेवानुरक्तः ।
हित्वा क्लेशान्प्रदुष्टान् सकलकलिवलान्मारपक्षांश्च जित्वा ।
पारं गत्वा गुणाब्धेर्व्रजति स सुभगं श्रीघनस्य चरित्रं ।
अथाशोको नृपेन्द्रो ऽसौ सद्धर्मचरणोत्सवः ।
उपगुप्तं गुरुं नत्वा कृताञ्जलिपुटो ऽवदत् ॥ १ ॥ {१}

tatkauśīdyāvadānaṃ munivarakathitaṃ śraddhayā yaḥ śṛṇoti |
śrutvā yaḥ śrāvayed yaḥ pratidinamaniśaṃ buddhasevānuraktaḥ |
hitvā kleśānpraduṣṭān sakalakalivalānmārapakṣāṃśca jitvā |
pāraṃ gatvā guṇābdhervrajati sa subhagaṃ śrīghanasya caritraṃ |
athāśoko nṛpendro 'sau saddharmacaraṇotsavaḥ |
upaguptaṃ guruṃ natvā kṛtāñjalipuṭo 'vadat || 1 || {1}

The English translation of Ratnamalavadana Verse 2.1 is contained in the book Ratnamalavadana by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Prof. Ramesh Kumar Dwivedi (2005)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tat, Tad, Kaushidya, Adana, Munivara, Kathita, Shraddhaya, Shraddha, Yah, Pratidina, Anisham, Anisha, Buddha, Seva, Anurakta, Hitva, Hitvan, Klesha, Pradushta, Sakala, Kali, Vala, Marapaksha, Jitvan, Para, Gunabdhi, Vrajat, Subhaga, Shrighana, Caritra, Atha, Ashoka, Nripa, Indra, Asi, Asu, Adah, Saddharma, Carana, Utsava, Upagupta, Guru, Kritanjaliputa, Avadat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ratnamalavadana Verse 2.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatkauśīdyāvadānaṃ munivarakathitaṃ śraddhayā yaḥ śṛṇoti
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kauśīdyāva -
  • kauśīdya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • adānam -
  • adāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    dān (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • munivara -
  • munivara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kathitam -
  • kathita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kathita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kathitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kath -> kathita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kath class 10 verb]
    kath -> kathita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kath class 10 verb], [accusative single from √kath class 10 verb]
  • śraddhayā -
  • śraddhayā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    śraddhā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śṛṇoti -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [present active third single]
  • Line 2: “śrutvā yaḥ śrāvayed yaḥ pratidinamaniśaṃ buddhasevānuraktaḥ
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śrāvayed -
  • śru (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pratidinam -
  • pratidina (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pratidina (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • aniśam -
  • aniśam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    aniśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aniśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aniśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • buddha -
  • buddha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    buddha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sevā -
  • seva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sevā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • anuraktaḥ -
  • anurakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “hitvā kleśānpraduṣṭān sakalakalivalānmārapakṣāṃśca jitvā
  • hitvā -
  • hitvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    hi -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √hi]
    hitvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kleśān -
  • kleśa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • praduṣṭān -
  • praduṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • sakala -
  • sakala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sakala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kali -
  • kali (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    kalī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    kalī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    kalī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • valān -
  • vala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
  • mārapakṣāṃś -
  • mārapakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jitvā -
  • ji -> jitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ji]
    ji -> jitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ji]
    jitvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 4: “pāraṃ gatvā guṇābdhervrajati sa subhagaṃ śrīghanasya caritraṃ
  • pāram -
  • pāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • guṇābdher -
  • guṇābdhi (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • vrajati -
  • vraj -> vrajat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj -> vrajat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • subhagam -
  • subhaga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    subhaga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    subhagā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śrīghanasya -
  • śrīghana (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    śrīghana (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • caritram -
  • caritra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    caritrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 5: “athāśoko nṛpendro 'sau saddharmacaraṇotsavaḥ
  • athā -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aśoko* -
  • aśoka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śuk (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • nṛpe -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
  • indro' -
  • indra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • asau -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    asu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • saddharma -
  • saddharma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • caraṇo -
  • caraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    caraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • utsavaḥ -
  • utsava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 6: “upaguptaṃ guruṃ natvā kṛtāñjalipuṭo 'vadat
  • upaguptam -
  • upagupta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    upagupta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    upaguptā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gurum -
  • guru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • natvā -
  • nam -> natvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √nam]
  • kṛtāñjalipuṭo' -
  • kṛtāñjalipuṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • avadat -
  • avadat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    avadat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vad (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
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