Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 112.50

ते तां च अवगाहन्ति तत्र क्षारोदकां नदीं ।
तेषां च अङ्गमङ्गानि वर्धिता प्रतिविध्यति ॥ ५० ॥

te tāṃ ca avagāhanti tatra kṣārodakāṃ nadīṃ |
teṣāṃ ca aṅgamaṅgāni vardhitā pratividhyati || 50 ||

Then they dive into that river with its caustic water, which pierces their mangled limbs. (50)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (112.50). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Yushmad, Tatra, Ksharodaka, Nadi, Anga, Vardhita, Pratividhi, Ati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 112.50). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “te tāṃ ca avagāhanti tatra kṣārodakāṃ nadīṃ
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • avag -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single], [imperfect active third single]
  • ā -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ahanti -
  • ahanti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • kṣārodakā -
  • kṣārodaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • nadīm -
  • nadī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “teṣāṃ ca aṅgamaṅgāni vardhitā pratividhyati
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • aṅgam -
  • aṅga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aṅga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • aṅgāni -
  • aṅga (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    aṅg (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first single]
  • vardhitā -
  • vardhitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vardh -> vardhitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √vardh class 10 verb]
    vṛdh -> vardhitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √vṛdh]
    vṛdh (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • pratividhya -
  • pratividhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ati (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
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