Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 64.154

रूपेहि वूल्हो भवति सम्मोहजातः यो कामतृष्णां जने अल्पबुद्धिः ।
स्वयं व सेवि दुःखकररोगमूलं यथा स्मसाने कुणपं शृगालः ॥ १५४ ॥

rūpehi vūlho bhavati sammohajātaḥ yo kāmatṛṣṇāṃ jane alpabuddhiḥ |
svayaṃ va sevi duḥkhakararogamūlaṃ yathā smasāne kuṇapaṃ śṛgālaḥ || 154 ||

“He who through lack of understanding generates a craving for sensual pleasures, is carried away and deluded by forms. Thus he of himself seeks after the source of the disease that brings ill, just as a jackal seeks a corpse in the cemetery. (154)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (64.154). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Rupa, Bhavati, Bhavat, Bhavant, Sammoha, Jatri, Jata, Kamatrishna, Jana, Jani, Alpabuddhi, Svayam, Sevi, Sevin, Duhkhakara, Roga, Ula, Yatha, Sma, Ana, Ani, Kunapa, Shrigala,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 64.154). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rūpehi vūlho bhavati sammohajātaḥ yo kāmatṛṣṇāṃ jane alpabuddhiḥ
  • rūpe -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    rūpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ihi -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Cannot analyse vūlho*bh
  • bhavati -
  • bhavatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • sammoha -
  • sammoha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sammoha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jātaḥ -
  • jātṛ (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    jāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    jan -> jāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √jan class 1 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 2 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 3 verb], [nominative single from √jan class 4 verb]
  • yo -
  • yu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    yu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • kāmatṛṣṇām -
  • kāmatṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • jane -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    janā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    jani (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    jan (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
    jan (verb class 2)
    [present middle first single]
  • alpabuddhiḥ -
  • alpabuddhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    alpabuddhi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “svayaṃ va sevi duḥkhakararogamūlaṃ yathā smasāne kuṇapaṃ śṛgālaḥ
  • svayam -
  • svayam (indeclinable)
  • va -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sevi -
  • sevi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sevin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sevin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • duḥkhakara -
  • duḥkhakara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    duḥkhakara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rogam -
  • roga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • ū -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ū (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    ū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    au (noun, feminine)
    au (noun, masculine)
  • ulam -
  • ula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    sman (noun, masculine)
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ane -
  • ana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ani (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • kuṇapam -
  • kuṇapa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kuṇapa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kuṇapā (noun, feminine)
  • śṛgālaḥ -
  • śṛgāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
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