Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 53.12

मातापितॄषु वीरो उपस्थपेत्वा तीव्रं परिचरति ।
ब्रह्मचर्यं ब्रह्मचारि स्वयं ब्रह्मचारिव्रतं चरति ॥ १२ ॥

mātāpitṝṣu vīro upasthapetvā tīvraṃ paricarati |
brahmacaryaṃ brahmacāri svayaṃ brahmacārivrataṃ carati || 12 ||

He was a hero who tended his parents and devoutly cared for them. He lived a life of holiness, observing his vow of chastity. (12)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (53.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vira, Upastha, Tivram, Tivra, Pari, Brahmacarya, Brahmacarin, Brahmacari, Svayam, Vrata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 53.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mātāpitṝṣu vīro upasthapetvā tīvraṃ paricarati
  • mātāpitṝ -
  • mātāpitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • ṛṣu -
  • ṛṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
    (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • vīro -
  • vīra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vīra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vīrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • upastha -
  • upastha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    upastha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • petvā -
  • tīvram -
  • tīvram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tīvra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tīvra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tīvrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pari -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pari (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • carati -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • Line 2: “brahmacaryaṃ brahmacāri svayaṃ brahmacārivrataṃ carati
  • brahmacaryam -
  • brahmacarya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • brahmacāri -
  • brahmacārin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    brahmacārin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahmacārī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    brahmacārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    brahmacārī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • svayam -
  • svayam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • brahmacāri -
  • brahmacārin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    brahmacārin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahmacārī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    brahmacārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    brahmacārī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vratam -
  • vrata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vrata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • carati -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
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