Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 46.21

तं तस्य नैव हृदये नापि च तेषां शृणोति सो वचनं ।
गन्तुं येवाध्यवसितो शतद्रुं च महानदीं तीर्णो ॥ २१ ॥

taṃ tasya naiva hṛdaye nāpi ca teṣāṃ śṛṇoti so vacanaṃ |
gantuṃ yevādhyavasito śatadruṃ ca mahānadīṃ tīrṇo || 21 ||

But this it was not in his heart to do, and he hearkened not to their words. He was determined to go in spite of all, and he crossed the great stream of Sutlej. (21)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (46.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Naiva, Hridaya, Nri, Api, Sah, Vacana, Gantu, Yah, Yat, Iva, Shatadru, Mahanadi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 46.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “taṃ tasya naiva hṛdaye nāpi ca teṣāṃ śṛṇoti so vacanaṃ
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • naiva -
  • naiva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • hṛdaye -
  • hṛdaya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    hṛdaya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    hṛdayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • śṛṇoti -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [present active third single]
  • so* -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vacanam -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vacanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “gantuṃ yevādhyavasito śatadruṃ ca mahānadīṃ tīrṇo
  • gantum -
  • gam -> gantum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √gam]
    gam -> gantum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √gam]
    gam -> gantum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √gam]
    gantu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ye -
  • (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • adhyavasito -
  • śatadrum -
  • śatadru (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahānadīm -
  • mahānadī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse tīrṇo

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahavastu Verse 46.21

Cover of edition (1949)

The Mahavastu
by J. J. Jones (1949)

Translated from the Buddhist Sanskrit

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