Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 30.45

आविष्टं गदितं स भाषति उच्चनीचम् अथ अपि मध्यमं ।
अनुपदं अन्वक्षरं विशुद्धं एतं वा परमं सुभाषितं ॥ ४५ ॥

āviṣṭaṃ gaditaṃ sa bhāṣati uccanīcam atha api madhyamaṃ |
anupadaṃ anvakṣaraṃ viśuddhaṃ etaṃ vā paramaṃ subhāṣitaṃ || 45 ||

Penetrating and gushing is his speech, in the high, the low and the middle tone, correct in measure and in sound, and pure—such is this perfect eloquence. (45)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (30.45). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Avishta, Gadita, Bha, Uccanica, Atha, Api, Madhyama, Anupadam, Anupada, Anvaksharam, Vishuddha, Eta, Esha, Paramam, Parama, Subhashita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 30.45). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “āviṣṭaṃ gaditaṃ sa bhāṣati uccanīcam atha api madhyamaṃ
  • āviṣṭam -
  • āviṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āviṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    āviṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gaditam -
  • gadita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gadita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gaditā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    gad -> gadita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √gad]
    gad -> gadita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √gad]
    gad -> gaditā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √gad]
    gad -> gadita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √gad]
    gad -> gadita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √gad], [accusative single from √gad]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhā -
  • bha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    bhā (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • aṣati -
  • aṣ (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • uccanīcam -
  • uccanīca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    uccanīca (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    uccanīcā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • madhyamam -
  • madhyama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    madhyama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    madhyamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “anupadaṃ anvakṣaraṃ viśuddhaṃ etaṃ paramaṃ subhāṣitaṃ
  • anupadam -
  • anupadam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    anupada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anupada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anupadā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • anvakṣaram -
  • anvakṣaram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • viśuddham -
  • viśuddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viśuddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viśuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • etam -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    etā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • paramam -
  • paramam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    parama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    parama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    paramā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • subhāṣitam -
  • subhāṣita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    subhāṣita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    subhāṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
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