Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 29.19

यो धर्मचक्रं अभिभूय लोकं प्रवर्तयति सर्वभूतनुकम्पितं ।
एतादृशं देवमनुष्यश्रेष्ठं बुद्धं नमस्यामि सुस्वस्ति भोतु ।
धर्मं नमस्यामि सुस्वस्ति भोतु संघं नमस्यामि सुस्वस्ति भोतु मनुष्यतो वा अमनुष्यतो वा ॥ १९ ॥

yo dharmacakraṃ abhibhūya lokaṃ pravartayati sarvabhūtanukampitaṃ |
etādṛśaṃ devamanuṣyaśreṣṭhaṃ buddhaṃ namasyāmi susvasti bhotu |
dharmaṃ namasyāmi susvasti bhotu saṃghaṃ namasyāmi susvasti bhotu manuṣyato vā amanuṣyato vā || 19 ||

I bow before him, the Buddha, the best of men and devas, who, overcoming the world, set rolling the wheel of dharma for the sake of all creation. Let there be prosperity. I bow before the dharma. Let there be prosperity. I bow before the Sangha. Let prosperity come from man and from demon. (19)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (29.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Dharmacakra, Abhibhuya, Loka, Pravarta, Yat, Yati, Sarvabhuta, Kampita, Etadrish, Etadrisha, Devamanushya, Shreshtha, Buddha, Nama, Namasya, Amin, Svasti, Bhu, Dharma, Sangha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 29.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo dharmacakraṃ abhibhūya lokaṃ pravartayati sarvabhūtanukampitaṃ
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dharmacakram -
  • dharmacakra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharmacakra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • abhibhūya -
  • abhibhūya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lokam -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • pravarta -
  • pravarta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yati -
  • yati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yatin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yatī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • sarvabhūta -
  • sarvabhūta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sarvabhūta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nu -
  • nu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    nu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nau (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kampitam -
  • kampita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kampita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kampitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kamp -> kampita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √kamp]
    kamp -> kampita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √kamp]
    kamp -> kampitā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √kamp]
    kamp -> kampita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kamp class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kamp]
    kamp -> kampita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kamp class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kamp class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kamp], [accusative single from √kamp]
  • Line 2: “etādṛśaṃ devamanuṣyaśreṣṭhaṃ buddhaṃ namasyāmi susvasti bhotu
  • etādṛśam -
  • etādṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    etādṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    etādṛś (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • devamanuṣya -
  • devamanuṣya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śreṣṭham -
  • śreṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śreṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śreṣṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • buddham -
  • buddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    buddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    buddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • namasyā -
  • namasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    namasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nama (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    namasyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ami -
  • amin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    amin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • su -
  • (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • svasti -
  • svasti (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    svasti (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    svasti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    svastī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    svastī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    svastī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • bho -
  • bhu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    bhu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • Line 3: “dharmaṃ namasyāmi susvasti bhotu saṃghaṃ namasyāmi susvasti bhotu manuṣyato amanuṣyato
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • namasyā -
  • namasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    namasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nama (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    namasyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ami -
  • amin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    amin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • su -
  • (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • svasti -
  • svasti (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    svasti (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    svasti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    svastī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    svastī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    svastī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • bho -
  • bhu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    bhu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • saṅgham -
  • saṅgha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saṅgha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • namasyā -
  • namasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    namasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nama (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    namasyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ami -
  • amin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    amin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • su -
  • (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • svasti -
  • svasti (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    svasti (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    svasti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    svastī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    svastī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    svastī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • bho -
  • bhu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    bhu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • manuṣyato -
  • vā*a -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • amanuṣyato -
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahavastu Verse 29.19

Cover of edition (1949)

The Mahavastu
by J. J. Jones (1949)

Translated from the Buddhist Sanskrit

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