Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 28.9

अन्नं पानं काशिकचन्दनं च गन्धं च माल्यं च ददन्ति काले ।
प्रसन्नचित्ता श्रमणब्रह्मेहि ग्रामस्य मध्ये रक्षितो स्वस्त्ययनं तद् आहुः ॥ ९ ॥

annaṃ pānaṃ kāśikacandanaṃ ca gandhaṃ ca mālyaṃ ca dadanti kāle |
prasannacittā śramaṇabrahmehi grāmasya madhye rakṣito svastyayanaṃ tad āhuḥ || 9 ||

They verily are a blessing in the village who dispense food and drink in season, sandal-wood from Kashi, perfumes and garlands, and who are well-disposed to recluses and brahmans. (9)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (28.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Anna, Pana, Kashika, Candana, Gandha, Malya, Mali, Kale, Kala, Prasanna, Citta, Shramana, Brahma, Brahman, Grama, Madhye, Madhya, Svastyayana, Tad, Tat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 28.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “annaṃ pānaṃ kāśikacandanaṃ ca gandhaṃ ca mālyaṃ ca dadanti kāle
  • annam -
  • anna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    annā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pānam -
  • pāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kāśika -
  • kāśika (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • candanam -
  • candana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    candana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    candanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gandham -
  • gandha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gandha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gandhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mālyam -
  • mālya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mālya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mālyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    mal -> mālya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √mal class 1 verb]
    mal -> mālya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √mal class 1 verb], [accusative single from √mal class 1 verb]
    mālī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dadanti -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
    dad (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • kāle -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “prasannacittā śramaṇabrahmehi grāmasya madhye rakṣito svastyayanaṃ tad āhuḥ
  • prasanna -
  • prasanna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prasanna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cittā -
  • cittā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śramaṇa -
  • śramaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śramaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • brahme -
  • brahma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    brahma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    brahman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    brahm (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative active second single]
  • ihi -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • grāmasya -
  • grāma (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    grāma (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • madhye -
  • madhye (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    madhya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    madhya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    madhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • rakṣito -
  • svastyayanam -
  • svastyayana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svastyayana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āhuḥ -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
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