Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 28.3

यो वा दुरुक्तं वचनं क्षमेया क्षान्तीबलेन अधिवासयन्तो ।
परुषं श्रुत्वा वचनं अनिष्टं अधिवासनारक्षितो स्वस्त्ययनं तद् आहुः ॥ ३ ॥

yo vā duruktaṃ vacanaṃ kṣameyā kṣāntībalena adhivāsayanto |
paruṣaṃ śrutvā vacanaṃ aniṣṭaṃ adhivāsanārakṣito svastyayanaṃ tad āhuḥ || 3 ||

He verily is a blessing who calms the ill-spoken word, enduring it with the power of forbearance, and who is patient when he hears harsh and offensive speech. (3)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (28.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Var, Durukta, Vacana, Kshanti, Bala, Adhivasa, Antu, Parusham, Parusha, Anishta, Adhivasana, Svastyayana, Tad, Tat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 28.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo duruktaṃ vacanaṃ kṣameyā kṣāntībalena adhivāsayanto
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • duruktam -
  • durukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    durukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duruktā (noun, feminine)
  • vacanam -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vacanā (noun, feminine)
  • kṣameyā -
  • kṣāntī -
  • kṣāntī (noun, masculine)
    kṣāntī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    kṣānti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • balena -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • adhivāsa -
  • adhivāsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ya -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
  • anto -
  • antu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “paruṣaṃ śrutvā vacanaṃ aniṣṭaṃ adhivāsanārakṣito svastyayanaṃ tad āhuḥ
  • paruṣam -
  • paruṣam (indeclinable)
    paruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    paruṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    paruṣā (noun, feminine)
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • vacanam -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vacanā (noun, feminine)
  • aniṣṭam -
  • aniṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aniṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aniṣṭā (noun, feminine)
  • adhivāsanā -
  • adhivāsana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adhivāsanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arakṣito -
  • svastyayanam -
  • svastyayana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svastyayana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āhuḥ -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahavastu Verse 28.3

Cover of edition (1949)

The Mahavastu
by J. J. Jones (1949)

Translated from the Buddhist Sanskrit

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