Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 27.20

धनक्रीडारतो राजा परदारनिरतस् सदा ।
राष्ट्रस्य अप्रियो भवति क्षिप्रं जहति जीवितं ॥ २० ॥

dhanakrīḍārato rājā paradāraniratas sadā |
rāṣṭrasya apriyo bhavati kṣipraṃ jahati jīvitaṃ || 20 ||

“A king who is fond of gambling with his wealth and loves the wives of others, becomes hateful to his subjects, and soon loses his life. (20)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (27.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dhana, Krida, Arata, Raja, Rajan, Raj, Paradara, Sada, Sad, Rashtra, Apriya, Bhavati, Bhavat, Bhavant, Kshipram, Kshipra, Jahat, Jahati, Jivita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 27.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dhanakrīḍārato rājā paradāraniratas sadā
  • dhana -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhan (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • krīḍā -
  • krīḍa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    krīḍa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    krīḍā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    krīḍ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • arato* -
  • arata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājā -
  • rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    rāj (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rāj (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • paradāra -
  • paradāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • niratas -
  • sadā -
  • sadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “rāṣṭrasya apriyo bhavati kṣipraṃ jahati jīvitaṃ
  • rāṣṭrasya -
  • rāṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    rāṣṭra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • apriyo* -
  • apriya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhavati -
  • bhavatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • kṣipram -
  • kṣipram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṣipra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣipra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣiprā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jahati -
  • jahat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jahat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [locative single]
    -> jahat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> jahat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √ class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √ class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √ class 3 verb], [locative single from √ class 3 verb]
    -> jahatī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √ class 3 verb]
    (verb class 3)
    [present active third plural]
  • jīvitam -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīvitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
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