Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 27.17

प्रत्यवेक्षित्वा कर्मान्ता भूतां हर्षाणि दापयेत् ।
सर्वेषु हिंसां वर्जेत्वा धर्मेण फलम् आदिशेत् ॥ १७ ॥

pratyavekṣitvā karmāntā bhūtāṃ harṣāṇi dāpayet |
sarveṣu hiṃsāṃ varjetvā dharmeṇa phalam ādiśet || 17 ||

“While keeping an eye on state affairs, a king should dispense gladness to all. He should keep all from doing violence, and show that it is righteousness that brings reward. (17)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (27.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prati, Avekshin, Tva, Yushmad, Karmanta, Bhuta, Harsha, Sarva, Hims, Himsa, Varja, Itvan, Dharmena, Dharma, Phala,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 27.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pratyavekṣitvā karmāntā bhūtāṃ harṣāṇi dāpayet
  • pratya -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • avekṣi -
  • avekṣin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    avekṣin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tvā -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • karmāntā* -
  • karmānta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • bhūtām -
  • bhūtā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [injunctive active third dual]
  • harṣāṇi -
  • harṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    hṛṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first single]
  • dāpayet -
  • (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]
  • Line 2: “sarveṣu hiṃsāṃ varjetvā dharmeṇa phalam ādiśet
  • sarveṣu -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • hiṃsām -
  • hiṃs (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    hiṃsā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • varje -
  • varja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    varja (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    varjā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • itvā -
  • i -> itvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
    itvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dharmeṇa -
  • dharmeṇa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dharma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • phalam -
  • phala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    phala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    phalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ā -
  • ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • diśet -
  • diś (verb class 6)
    [optative active third single]
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